Lecture Notes - Bronze Age

Lecture Notes - Bronze Age - 8 Control of trade = wealth 9...

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Making of the Modern World 1: Prehistory and the Birth of Civilization Professor Scott L. Vandehey Fall 2008, Track D The Bronze Age Nov. 5 th , 2008 The Bronze Age 0. Use of Bronze 1. Not necessarily elimination of stone 2. Often used for prestige items 3. Different times in different places 0. 1700 BC 4. Mesopotamia as an example Bronze Age Characteristics 0. Neolithic base 1. Major cities / urbanization 2. Monumental architecture 3. Centralized state 4. Literacy 5. Division of labor 0. Specialized professions 1. Organic solidarity 5. Social hierarchy 2. Small # of decision makers 3. Large # of followers 4. High levels of social inequality “Civilization” 6. Higher yielding strains of grains 7. Larger surpluses 1. Division of labor 2. Elite goods 3. Trade 8. Control 4. Water 5. Land 6. Trade routes 7. Labor
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Trade 6. Control of trade 5. Expansion of wealth 6. Expansion of influence & power 7. Competition 7. Reinforcing cycle
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Unformatted text preview: 8. Control of trade = wealth 9. Wealth = power 10. Power = control of trade 8. Wealth becomes justification for social power – mystification 9. Trade is controlled by the state, through the temples Temples, Trade, & States 10. Intimate connection between temples, trade, & state power 11. Land owned by gods 12. Governor-priests oversaw land use and labor 11. Field labor a religious AND civic duty 13. Temples = warehouses to store surplus 14. Priests organized collection and distribution of wealth 15. Priests organized trade Priests 16. Elite group 17. Literate 18. Controlled land 19. Controlled temples 20. Controlled wealth 21. Controlled trade 22. Controlled religion 23. Controlled labor 24. Maintained foreign relations with other priests 12. Trade 13. Water...
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