Lecture Notes - Classification

Lecture Notes - Classification - Making of the Modern World...

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Making of the Modern World 1: Prehistory and the Birth of Civilization Professor Scott L. Vandehey Fall 2008, Track D “Classification” Oct. 1 st , 2008 Questions of the day: 0. How are humans related to other species currently alive today? 1. How are humans related to extinct species? 2. How do we make sense of the physical remains of extinct human ancestors? Living Species Genetic Distance Relations between living apes 0. 25 mya apes split from other primates 1. 18 mya gibbons split from other apes 2. 7-9 mya gorillas split from other apes 3. 5-7 mya chimpanzees and bonobos split from hominids Our closest living relatives
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4. Chimpanzees & bonobos 5. Related to, but not descended from 6. Species did not exist 7 millions years ago 7. Descended from a common ancestor – not modern chimps and bonobos Our non-living relatives 8. Africa’s rift valley 9. Fossils of animals with both human and ape characteristics 10. Earlier specimens less human, more ape-like 11. Later specimens more human, less ape-like
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Lecture Notes - Classification - Making of the Modern World...

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