Lecture Notes - Post Pleistocene

Lecture Notes - Post Pleistocene - 2. Many things will be...

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Making of the Modern World 1: Prehistory and the Birth of Civilization Professor Scott L. Vandehey Fall 2008, Track D “Post-Pleistocene Adaptation” Oct. 15 th , 2008 The Pleistocene 0. Geologic period 1. 1.8 mya to 10,000 ya 2. Repeated glaciations (ice ages) 0. Every 40,000 – 100,000 years 1. 4 major / many smaller 2. Up to 30% surface covered by ice 3. Sea levels 100m lower Last Great Glaciation 3. Began approx. 70,000 years ago 4. Glaciers begin to retreat approx. 20,000 years ago 5. Ended approx. 10,000 years ago Remember the Paleolithic 6. End of last ice age: 10,000 years ago 7. Upper-Paleolithic 50,000 years ago 4. Homo. Sapiens spreading 5. New style of thinking 6. Hunting and gathering BaMbuti 8. Example of a foraging society 9. 10. Social organization 11. Cultural aspects 12. Adaptations to environment Important Disclaimer 0. The BaMbuti are an example of a foraging society.
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1. Not all foraging societies would be exactly like the BaMbuti.
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Many things will be unique to the BaMbuti. 3. We will get a good general overview for how foraging societies function. The BaMbuti 13. Average height of 4.5 feet 14. Congo rain forest 7. Inhospitable 8. Always damp and dark 9. Dangerous 15. Small bands of 6-7 families Social Order 16. Small bands 17. No laws 18. No chief 19. Kin relations 20. Successful hunters 21. Ridicule 22. Avoidance 23. Ostracism Survival 0. Cooperative hunting 1. Seasonal migrations 2. Intimate knowledge of environment 3. Kinship 0. Young 1. Elderly & sick 2. Sharing 4. Sexual division of labor 3. Men hunt and perform rituals 4. Women gather, cook, maintain huts, child care End of Foraging 24. Environmentally marginal areas 25. No fully traditional or full-time foragers left 26. Spread of agriculture = decline of foraging...
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Lecture Notes - Post Pleistocene - 2. Many things will be...

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