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Survey of United States History – Task 2Lindsey WebbWestern Governors University
Survey of United States History – Task 2A.Explain the reasons for the rise of partisan politics in the Early Republic:The rise of partisan politics occurred as the result of difference of opinion on how the government should be run. It also happened because of conflicts that occurred during theEarly Republic. There were two main factions that emerged who each had their own set of beliefs on how the new form of government should be run, they were the Federalists and Republicans or Democratic-Republicans (Lumen Learning, n.d.). The biggest conflict that these two groups faced was on the implementation of new Constitution, witheach side having a different view along with reasons to support their claims.The Federalists headed by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, campaigned to have the original Articles of Confederation eradicated in favor of supporting a new Constitution. There hope was that by creating a new Constitution it would provide a more authoritative federal government that would promote a strong and united nation (WGU, 2016). Hamilton and Adams believed that the nation’s government could only achieve balance if they promoted the personal interest of the elite farmers and merchants (Lumen Learning, n.d.). They also felt that the government should only aid in the well-being of a few, as this would produce a stronger nation. The Republicans headed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, were against the formation of a new Constitution as they felt that by having a more authoritative government would endanger their liberties and state rights (WGU, 2016). They felt that the government should support the people’s concerns since they made up the majority. They thought that the central government should be responsible for managing foreign
policy and trade, but that each state should be allowed to decide what government structure was best suited for them (Lumen Learning, n.d.). One of the first big conflicts that divided the two factions even further was the FrenchRevolution. At first everyone was happy to hear about and support France in their Revolution, but after the execution of King Louis XVI the Federalists questioned their methods. They felt that the French had taken it too far and that they were impeding on the liberties of the French people. The Republicans felt that France’s actions served a greater purpose and they applauded their acts. The next big conflict occurred after the French Revolution. The Whiskey Rebellion was an imposed tax on distilled beverages tocompensate for the financial strain that Hamilton’s banking project was creating. The newly imposed tax caused an uprising among the farmers who needed the income that selling the beverages provided. To stop the rebellion George Washington had to step in and with a large group of soldiers he ended the rebellion. The Federalists had supported the tax and Washington’s actions to end the rebellion, as they felt it showed the governments strength and power.