Psy 101 review exam 1

Psy 101 review exam 1 - Prologue 1) Psychology? scientific...

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Prologue 1) Psychology ? scientific study of behavior and mental processes. 2) Socrates -mind separable from body/ continues after the body dies and knowledge is innate born within  us.  Aristotle -derived principles from careful observation, said soul is not separable from the body and  that knowledge is not preexisting but it grows from experiences.  Descartes -agreed with S. about innate  of nerves (mind communication with body),  Bacon -founder of modern science, fascinated with the  human mind and its failings.  Empiricism -knowledge originates in experience and science should rely  on observation and experimentation.  Locke -argued mind is a blank slate or white paper at birth on  which experience writes. 3) Be able to identify the following perspectives, or psychologists.  If it is a perspectives, what  psychologists are associated with them? : Wilhelm   Wundt -established first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany.  Structuralism -early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure  of the human mind (Edward Bradford Titchener).   Functionalism -school of psy. that focused on how mental/behavioral processes function-how they  enable an organism to adapt/survive/flourish. Behavioral   perspective- how we learn observable responses (William James/Mary  Calkins/Margaret Washburn-first woman psy. phd). Cognitive perspective -how we encode/process/store/retrieve info.  Humanistic perspective -historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of  healthy people, used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal  growth( Rogers/Mallow). Psychodynamic   perspective -how behavior springs from unconscious drives/conflicts. 4) Explain the nature-nurture debate-Charles Darwin argued natural selection shapes behaviors as well as  bodies. 5) Describe the  biopsychosocial approach -integrated viewpoint incorporates various levels of analysis  and offers a more complete picture of any given behavior or mental process. What are some examples  of  biological -genetic predispositions/mutations, genes responding to the environment, and natural  selection,  psychological -learned fears/expectations, emotional responses, cognitive  processing/perceptual interpretations, and  social-cultural influences -presence of others,  cultural/societal/family expectations, peer influences 6) What are some of psychology’s subfields:  biological developmental -study changing abilities from womb to tomb,  cognitive
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Psy 101 review exam 1 - Prologue 1) Psychology? scientific...

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