Anthropology paper 2 KIN and Economic systems.docx

Anthropology paper 2 KIN and Economic systems.docx -...

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5/8/17 Analyze the relationship between kinship and economic organization. Economic anthropology is the study of production, distribution, and consumption in all societies, industrialized and non-industrialized. Regulating resources is how land, water, and natural resources are controlled and allocated, production is how material resources are converted into usable products, and exchange is how commodities once produced are distributed among the people of a society. Even though there are different economic systems around the world, however, they can be examined cross-culturally. Whereas, kinship systems are based on based on blood or marriage and found in most societies. There are three types of kin consanguineal, blood relationships; affinial, relations by marriage; and fictive, relationships not by blood or marriage. Kinship systems are cross-cultural and all adopt certain right and obligations that are considered socially accepted behavior. In all societies, kinship systems impose obligations or responsibilities and rely on economic anthropology. Two ethnographies that display the relationship economic anthropology and kinship are The Dobe Ju/hoansi by Richard B. Lee and The Trobrianders of Papua New Guinea by Annette B. Weiner. The Ju/hoansi society resides between Namibia and Botswana in Southern Africa, on the Kalahari Desert. Lee began participant observation in 1963 and extended to a period of over 40 years. The Ju/hoansi are economically known as the food collectors and engage in all types of kin. The Trobrianders resided in the Trobriand Islands, also known as the Kiriwina Islands; these islands are also, considered as a part of the nation Papua New Guinea. Weiner began participant
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