Could the Nazis do what they did alone? o Without the support of the local population o Voluntary perpetrators o Jan Gross Is it possible to simultaneously be a victim and a victimizer? Bystanders Poland was singularly affected by WWII • Poland lost its minorities • Population was decimiated o Used to be a multi-cultural population, but no longer • Jedwabne o Split o Located in Soviet zone of occupation o Gross finds many testimonies that the town council and the grand jury agreed to murder the Jews of this town o Only Jews who survived were in the police headquarters o Germans were ultimately responsible. Nothing could happen in this town without their approval o Ultimate Responsibility Part of the Nazi’s plan
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