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PSYCH 626 Week 6 - michaila shaak

PSYCH 626 Week 6 - michaila shaak - Running head Diversity...

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Running head: Diversity and Health 1 Diversity and Health Michaila Shaak University of Phoenix Professor Stephanie Isgitt 3/1/2015
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Diversity and Health 2 Diversity and Health Healthcare is an industry that must include and consider many populations, cultures,  ethnicities, ages, and lifestyles. It is an industry that must be culturally competent, flexible in  treatment options, and promoting the best course of action for a full and happy life on an  individual case-by-case basis. We often hear about diversity in health care as it pertains to race  and income level. However, we do not concern ourselves much with the aging population. Senior Citizens are a population of people that require a lot of attention and accommodation in health  care. It is a population that has many risk factors and seemingly little resource or health  promoting factors to counteract their obstacles of illness and aging.  The World Health Organization, states the population over the age of 60 has doubled  since 1980 and will reach 2 billion by 2050 (World Health Organization).  This occurrence is  producing challenges for health care, housing, employment and other important issues for the  aging population according to the Administration on Aging (Administration on Aging). Senior citizen population also poses challenges related to biological, financial and  environmental conditions that can prevent them from attaining a healthy lifestyle. Environmental problems are costly and harmful to the health of senior citizens with influenza and pneumonia  considered as the top causes of death for senior citizens. Health deterioration increases over time  with this population as different levels of health problems presents itself at different phases of  the individual lifetime. Some of the biology challenges that they face are hearing loss, poor  vision, memory loss and limited physical functioning such as walking. These particular  challenges can affect many activities like remembering to take medications, not able to use or get to a telephone, unable to grocery shop or prepare meals for themselves. 
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Diversity and Health 3 As senior citizens age they can loose their natural teeth and are not able to chew most  foods and have difficulty eating. There are health conditions that generate problems swallowing  or prescribed drugs that affect the sense of taste, smell and appetite. When their sense of taste is  affected, large amounts of sugar, salt and butter is used while preparing food to bring out taste in  their meals. Medications can also suppress their appetite or make them feel nausea that reduces  their motivation to eat. Medicines not only affect the appetite, but also produce physical 
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