PSYCH 626 - Week 2 Individual Assignment - Biopsychosocial Perspective Paper

PSYCH 626 - Week 2 Individual Assignment - Biopsychosocial Perspective Paper

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RUNNING HEAD: Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper 1 Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper Name University of Phoenix
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RUNNING HEAD: Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper 2 Biopsychosocial Model George L. Engel in 1977 first introduced the Biopsychosocial model in an article which was published in a science journal and titled “The need for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine” (Dogar, 2007). By that time, psychoanalysis and psychosomatic medicine were merged with biomedical medicine. George pointed out that by ignoring psychological problems and social problems of a person, only biomedical and psychosomatic medicine cannot do much more. Psychosocial factors and social factors are as important as biochemical and psychosomatic factors are, for the holistic health (Dogar, 2007). The conflict was that should psychiatrics include psychology with them and should give importance to psychology or should merge with the biomedical model, when biomedical model itself was taking psychological help time to time. To understand the human health and diseases of the body and to merge psychology and sociology into biology, much research has been done. This research has been done to make clear that biology needed the help of psychological and social history of a patient for taking complete care of the patient. The Biopsychosocial model was supported by the international classification of functioning and mostly was advocated by the WHO (World Health Organization) in 2001 (Meloni, N.D.). As it shows in its name, this model is constituted on three main systems: 1— Biological factors The Biomedical model which is practiced the most in the United States as well as all over the world is good for its quick results and is good for infectious diseases; however, for diseases which are due to a person’s life style, behavior related problem, or mental or social problems, this medicine cannot do anything. This medicine only focuses on biological or cellular health and
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RUNNING HEAD: Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper 3 totally ignores any other problems related to the psychological or social situation of the patient (Short, 2006). 2— Psychological factors The Psychological model of medicine is an excellent source of finding the problem related to mental issues and its required treatment. These days, when everyone is having issues of depression, anxiety and many more problems related to mental well-being in their lives, this model is very useful and is becoming very successful; a simple blood test cannot do anything but a detailed psychological history and psychological help is needed to cure or control the disease (Jones and Bartlett, N.D.).
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