PSYCH 626 - Week 2 Individual Assignment -Michaila Shaak

PSYCH 626 - Week 2 Individual Assignment -Michaila Shaak -...

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RUNNING HEAD: Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper 1 Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper Michaila Shaak University of Phoenix Professor Stephanie Isgitt 2/1/2015
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RUNNING HEAD: Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper 2 The Biopsychosocial Perspective In 1977, George L. Engle first introduced the Biopsychosocial model in an article which was published in a science journal and titled “The need for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine” (Dogar, 2007). Within this article, Engle pointed out that the medical community was doing a great disservice to those that they were committed to treated by ignoring factors of the individual as a whole that are could help with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness or disease. Engle argued that by ignoring all the factors of an individual’s life, we are missing valuable information about this unique individual. At this time, the medical community was just beginning to accept that psychosomatic factors could merge with the biomedical approach as these factors could have manifestations in the physical health of patients (Dogar, 2007). However, Engle suggested that the patient be viewed as a whole. The suggested approach is what we know as the biopsychosocial perspective. This perspective suggests that we view the patient in an individualized and three dimensional way as opposed a universal, flat view of illness. The biopsychosocial approach suggests the use of systems theory when examining each patient, as each patient is thought to be the product of many systems working simultaneously (Straub, 2012). As we can tell from the name, the biopsychosocial perspective suggests that the three primary systems that shape our overall health are the biological context, the psychological context and the social context (Straub, 2012). The first system, the biological context, focuses on the physical being on the individual. This factor focuses on the physical and genetic elements of an individual’s overall health, the only factor that was used in the biomedical model (Straub, 2012). However, the individual’s medical background, as well as their acquired genetic makeup and predispositions are taken into
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RUNNING HEAD: Bio-psychosocial Perspective Paper 3 account when analyzing the patient as opposed to the current illness or disease and its affected areas alone (Borrell-Carrio, Suchman and Epstein, 2004). The psychological context is the second system that comprises the biopsychosocial perspective. Medical professionals examining this facet of an individual focuses on any mental health diagnoses that the patient suffers from and that would have an effect on how they interact
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