psych635-week3individual-michaila - Developmental...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

Developmental Psychologists Employing Shaping 1 Developmental Psychologists Employing Shaping and Chaining, Reinforcement Schedules and One-Trial Learning Michaila Shaak Psych 635: Psychology of Learning August 10, 2015 Professor Rebecca Singer
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Developmental Psychologists Employing Shaping 2 Developmental Psychologists Employing Shaping and Chaining, Reinforcement Schedules and One-Trial Learning Teaching children new tasks can be a difficult process which can become even more challenging if the child in question has been diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Because of their individual challenges, needs and sensory aversions, teaching a child on the ASD spectrum to engage in desired behaviors can be upsetting and stressful for both the child and the parent or teacher. The ultimate goal of developmental psychologists examining this topic would be to identify the best possible methods and ways to implement those methods to help these children to learn new and helpful behaviors while causing the least amount of stress possible. Though different methods might be better suited to children depending on their specific capabilities and delays, they are no new or innovative. Instead, basic operant and classical conditioning learning methods, utilized by B.F. Skinner and Pavlov, are helpful in reaching the aforementioned goals. Shaping behavioral and developmental interventions of ASD children based on these basic principles of learning is called Applied Behavioral Analysis (Cooper, Heron & Heward, 2007). This paper will touch upon the concepts of shaping and chaining, reinforcement schedules, and one-trial learning as they are understood and utilized in the teaching of ASD children. Shaping and Chaining Shaping and chaining both processes which work towards the desired behavior using baby steps. Both of these methods were implemented by B.F. Skinner in his research of operant conditioning with animals (Schunk, 2012). In shaping, behaviors that an animal naturally
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Summer '14

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern