Chapter 17 Human Mate Choice and Parenting

Chapter 17 Human Mate Choice and Parenting - Chapter 17:...

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Chapter 17: Human Mate Choice and Parenting - Evolutionary theory generates some testable predictions about the psychology of human mate preference o The adaptive challenges that men and women face in these kinds of societies are likely to have shaped their mating strategies For women, it might be important to choose a mate who will be a good provider For men, they want young and healthy mates and selection may have shaped men’s psychology so that they are attracted to cues that may reliably predict youth and health like smooth skin, good muscle tone, etc. Both are likely to favor personal qualities like compatibility, agreeableness, reliability, and tolerance - If evolution has shaped the psychology of human mating strategies, then we would expect to find common patterns across societies - People generally care most about personal qualities of their mates o Men and women around the world rate mutual attraction or love above all other traits The next highly most desired traits for both men and women are personal attributes, such as dependability, emotional stability and maturity, and a pleasing disposition - Men and women show the differences in mate preferences predicted by parental investment theory o As the evolutionary model predicts, women value good financial prospects and ambition more than men do and men value good looks more than women do - Men and women differ about the preferred ages of their partners o Evolutionary reasoning suggests that men’s mate preferences will be strongly influenced by the reproductive potential of prospective mates o A considerable amount of evidence suggests that men consistently seek and marry partners somewhat older than themselves o Although men look for progressively younger women, the actual age of their partners does not seem to fit the prediction that males will choose fertile mates Older men seek and marry women who are considerably younger than they themselves are, but not young enough to produce children Men’s choices about who to date and who to marry may be driven by multiple factors, not just women’s fertility - Men and wo m en vary a bout the preferred nu m b er of p artners o Because the costs of conception are borne m ainly by wom en, m e n can afford to b e m ore their m ating tactics, a nd to have a psychology that m akes the m m ore open to m ating op that do not involve long-t erm com mit m ents - Differences in m ating tactics m ay contribute to misund erst anding betwe en m e n and wo m en o Evolutionary reasoning predicts that wo m en are m ore likely to underestim at e m e n’s co m to overestim at e it They can b eco m e pregn ant and are expect ed to b e cautious about their partner’s inte o Men are m ore likely to overestim at e wom en’s sexual interest m ore often than they unde - Culture predicts people’s m at e preferences betwe en than gend er does o Evolutionary explanations that invoke an evolved psychology and cultural explanations t on the social and cultural milieu are not m utu ally exclusive
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Chapter 17 Human Mate Choice and Parenting - Chapter 17:...

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