Japan - Amaterasu: The Heavenly Shining (The sun) - There...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Amaterasu: The Heavenly Shining (The sun) - There is no Chinese influence in this name - The sun is a female; an embodiment of the yang principle o Heaven is pure yang o Earth is pure ying - She is the symbol of fertility; the nature of kindness o Warm benevolence The Moon is male Thunder god: Susa-no-o - Represents in nature a loss of control o Uncontrolled element in nature o Lacks emotional self-control and acts on impulse - Banished to the netherworld, according to myth One story of cooperation between the sun and the thunder god - Came from jewels of the sun goddess, susa-no-o put them in his mouth, rinsed them, and spit out five male deities o Two of these end up as ancestors of noble families - He gives her 5 jewels and a sabre and she puts them in her mouth, rinses them and spit out five female deities - Jewels represent seeds o Farmers sifting and washing seeds in order to make them sprout; they are transferred into wet fields - Shinto ceremony There follows an absence of cooperation between the two deities - Susa-no-o makes like difficult for the sun goddess, sending his ponies running through her rice paddies in Heaven o Ponies are skinned - Sun offended by her brother because of the sabotage to her purity and fertility o She retreated to a cave and the whole world plunged into darkness The gods convene to try to draw her out • One god that represents cooperation • A rooster that tries to draw her out • A god that represents labor o Hand strength male • A tree (sakaki) whose branches are used by Shinto priests • Jewels • A mirror (not glass) a disk made of bronze o One side decorated with surface decorations, the other side was smooth and polished; was reddish yellow in color It’s reflection of light would be like the sun • Founding ancestors of important clans o Nakatomi o Sakaki o Imibe Tended to the dead, buried the dead • Sarume represented by a female o This is the clan that provided the priestesses, sacred dancers, mediums, shamans S a r u m e s t a r t s la u g hi n g a n d t h e s u n b e b o m e s c urio u s b c a u s e t h e w h ol e world is in d arkn e s s o As t h e s u n c o m e s o u t, h a n d s tr e n g t h m al e a n d t h e e n t r a n c e of t h e c a v e is blo ck e d b rin gin g ligh t b a c k t o He a v e n a n d Eart h, e n s u ri n g pr o s p e rity for all Est a blis h m e n t of t h e Im p e ri al Lin e of d e s c e n t - Ninigi: favorit e g r a n d s o n of t h e s u n g o d d e s s o He is t o d e s c e n d t o t h e Ear t h a n d b e gi n t o r ul e o v e r t h e Jap a n e s e isl a n d s He t ak e s alo n g 3 it e m s w hic h lat e r b e c o m e s y m b ols of im p e ri al a u t h o rity • A br o nz e mirror t h a t w a s b r o u g h t t o t h e s u n g o d d e s s; a s y m b ol of t h e s u n • An iron s w or d • Jew el Ka mi a n c e s t or s Nak a t o mi, Imib e, a n d S ak a ki Jew el m a k e r, m irror m a k e r 1 4th century - Kitabatake Chikafusa - H e wro t e a b o ok a b o u t t h e lin e of im p e ri al d e s c e n t t o s e t tl e t h e dis p u t e of s u c c e s sio t h e im p e ri al t hr o n e - He al s o wrot e a b o u t t h e i m p or t a n c e of t h e s e a n ci e n t m y t h s a n d t h e im p or t a n c e of i m a u t h ority in Jap a n a n d t h e im p or t a n c e of Jap a n in a n ci e n t Ea s t Asi a - He w a s pr o u d of hi s c o u n t ry - Awar e of t h e influ e n c e of t h e Chin e s e - Also a w a r e of t h e im p or t a n c e of Indi a a s t h e birt h pl a c e of Bu d d his m - It w a s t h e gr e a t n e s s of Chin a t h a t pr o m p t e d hi m t o look for Jap a n’ s gr e a t n e s s - Niho n or Nipp o n m e a n s S u nr o o t in Chin a; n a m e for Jap a n o He w a n t e d a Jap a n e s e n a m e for his c o u n tr y o Yam a t o – e n c o m p a s s e s all of Jap a n; all of its isl a n d s o Put gr e a t s tr e s s o n t h e 3 r e g ali a Mirror s y m b oliz e s t h e s u n • It r efl e c t s all t hin g s a n d t h eir tr u e r efl e c tio n; e m b o di e s h o n e s t y Jew el r e pr e s e n t s t h e m o o n in its c ur v e d for m • Re pr e s e n t s pr o s p e rity b e c a u s e t h e jew el s r e pr e s e n t s e e d s • Ma d e of ja d e , s o it al s o s t a n d s for c o m p a s sio n, t h e s oft a p p r o a c h Th e s w or d r e pr e s e n t s t h e s t a r s • I t s t a n d s for wis d o m a n d s tr e n g t h; it is t h e h a r d a p pr o a c h o No o t h e r r ul er o n Ear t h h a s t h e s e 3 r e g ali a - In Chin a, t h e r e w a s a lot of u s u r p a tio n of p o w e r in Chin a; t h e r e w a s a lot of c h a o s o In Jap a n, t h e r e w a s c o n tin u o u s r ul e b y o n e fa mily Th er e w a s a n u n br ok e n lin e of s u c c e s sio n Sinc e t h e th 1entury however, military families had been keeping the power, but 1c never got rid of the imperial family • They kept power by marrying their daughters to the princes - He a d v o c a t e d S hin t o b e c a u s e it w a s n a tiv e t o Jap a n: h e s ai d it e m b o di e d t h e b e s t of C o nf uci a nis m a n d Bu d d hi s m ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online