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Ancient Koreans

Ancient Koreans - About a hwarang knight He is compared to...

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Unit 2 – Lecture 7 10/30/08 Ancient Koreans - Puyo: would sing all the time - Koguryo: would dance and sing communally - Ye: always used the festival of the 10 th month - Han: 5 th month, when the sowing has been finished, they always sacrificed to their ghosts and spirits Native Korean poetry: Hyang ga “Local songs” - This is a Chinese name - Originally songs - They come from the Silla period (7 th -10 th century) - They were written out with Chinese characters according to their pronunciation o This was probably where the Japanese got their system - Had folk origins from the 3 rd century - One of these became the basis for the Buddhist hymns o The poems started out as 4 lines, then 8 lines, and finally, 10 lines - There are 25 poems – mostly associated with Buddhism - Ch’ungdam: Buddhist monk but poems were Confucian in nature o Wrote “statesmanship” The state is likened to a family The father is the ruler of that state The ministers are the mother The people are the children o Also wrote “Kip’a”
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Unformatted text preview: About a hwarang knight He is compared to various aspects of nature • Brilliance and clarity of the moon • Spiritual depth of a river • Evergreen tree, which endures the frost and snow-Ch’oyong: according to legend, was the son of a dragon o Was more likely a sha m an who worshipped the dragon of the Eastern oce an o He ca m e ho m e to find that his wife was poss ess ed by the Demon of Sickness This poe m has sexual overtones Has religious implications as well His poe m p erforms a dance with his song a nd d ance a nd drives the de mon away • Instead of resorting to violence, h e resorted to song and dance, app e aling to the c the de mon, inducing a sense of sha m e Chinese historiography-The Chines e b eg an to record their history e arly on-Zuo com m entary: attach ed from e arly times (from the Han dynasty) to the Spring a nd Autu o He is supposed to h ave lived around the time of Confucius...
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