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Unformatted text preview: EALC Review Sheet Ancient Korean History- From at least the 6 th century, after Korea was united, the Silla kingdom used the bone ranking system o It was adopted from the Chinese o This system dictated clothing, house size, and the permitted range of marriage o There were holy bones and there were true bones The true bones were members of the royal family, but they were not allowed to ascend to the throne until the holy bone was abolished Holy bone members were able to ascend to the throne, but both of their parents had to be holy bones o After these came head ranks; the higher the number, the higher the rank 6-4 were given to aristocracy and 3-1 were given to commoners o This system enabled distinction of the royal line while protecting aristocratic status and privileges of tribal leaders incorporated into the centralized sociopolitical system- Eventually, the bone ranking system was replaced with the numerical official rank system o 1-5 were royalty, and 6-17 were members of the aristocracy o The commoners were given no numbers- Also important during this time was the Hwarang system o They were a social group that was unique to the Silla They were headed by a youth who belonged to the True Bone and monks They lived together for a while to learn military arts, cultivate virtue, nurture a love of country, and learn the beauty of order and harmony At first, they were more social and intellectual groups and they were dedicated to learning about Buddhism and Taoism, but as the Silla kingdom fought to unite all Three Kingdoms, they became increasingly militaristic o They had 5 commandments Serve the king with loyalty Tend parents with filial piety Treat friends with sincerity Never retreat from the battlefield Be discriminate about the taking o They were strongly influenced by Confucianism although not as a social system but as a political ideology that rationalized the rulers authority and buttressed the administrative structure Empire and the Way of Heaven- The Qin dynasty is a short-lived but important dynasty in Chinese history o It was the first time that the country was brought together under a single administration or a centralized state Everything was standardized throughout the entire state Chinese language Also, land and water communication were improved, which benefitted commerce and further unified the empire However, individual rights and wealth were compromised for unification o Nothing that was opposed to legalism was allowed o There was a ban on private assembly and neighbors were encouraged to watch each other o They practiced legalism but to an extent where it contributed to their own downfall The fall of the dynasty came as a result of opposition from commoners familiar with the harsh rules and resulting suffering This was proof that power, strength, and terror alone are insufficient to rule o Jia Yi wrote a critical essay on the failures of the Qin dynasty called The Faults of Qin...
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- Fall '07