Unformatted text preview: Maritime Exploration Haley Guarnera Essay Unit 3
C. Michelle Brock Date September 19, 2017 Ferdinand Magellan and Sir Francis Drake both circumnavigated1 around the world. Although Magellan went first and Drake followed in his footsteps. The two faced many problems but also made may discoveries. Although they traveled almost the same path they had their differences. These voyages in the 1500’s created many new things and brought many new discoveries to us. Their ways of handling situations were different and the risk they were willing to take were as well. I will start by writing about Ferdinand Magellan's Voyage that was from 1519 to 1522. One of the five ships of Magellan’s voyage was named Victoria, Victoria voyaged from Spain to the Philippines and returned with spices. Throughout the voyage of Magellan him and the crew were able to discover many things in different places. One big thing was spices, they were mostly used for flavoring and preserving food and also masked the taste of meat that had gone bad, some spices were spices cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and especially black pepper. One of Magellan’s well known crew members was Antonio Pigafetta, a Venetian scholar, he accepted the title of "supernumerary2" and a modest salary. He became an assistant of Magellan and kept an accurate journal. While sailing down the coast of South America Magellan and his crew ran into a few problems. On minor problem was the climate change as they traveled south, the crew had to get used to colder weather. Sadly Magellan never made it back to Spain. Along with most of his crew his was killed during the expedition. In 1521, Magellan and his crew docked in the Philippines where they came in contact with a native tribe from Cebu Island3. The leader Rajah sail or travel all the way around (something, especially the world).
a temporary employee, additional society member, or extra manpower, usually in a function which has a
Cebu is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas (Region VII) region
2 Humabon persuaded Magellan and his crew to assist them in attacking their enemy tribe. Magellan and his crew along with Humabon’s tribe traveled to Mactan Island4 to confront the enemy tribe. The Battle of Mactan started a few weeks after arrival. Even with the assistance of Magellan and his crew Humabon’s tribe was massively outnumbered. Magellan was killed by members of the enemy tribe. It is said that Magellan was struck with a bamboo spear to the head. After realising they were outnumbered, Magellan’s crew surrendered. Although many were killed during the battle, most of Magellan’s crew got back to the ships safely. Sir Francis Drake's Voyage around the World was from 1577 to 1580 Drake’s ship was named “The Golden Hind.” The main outcome of Drake’s voyage was a better understanding of the world and its land and seas. Drake was to lead an expedition around South America through the Straits of Magellan. The voyage had one big issue which was the conflict between Drake and the two other men who shared command. When they arrived off the coast of Argentina, Drake had one of the men Thomas Doughty arrested, and beheaded for allegedly plotting a mutiny5. Drake stopped at many Spanish ports along the west coast of South America then decided head north in search of a new way back to the Atlantic. It is said that he traveled far enough north to be parallel with the present day Vancouver, Canada but turned back because of the terrible cold conditions. Drake stopped near present day San Francisco and claimed the surrounding land, which was called New Albion6 this land was for Queen Elizabeth. Drake's voyage discovered that Tierra del Fuego, was actually a group of islands.This discovery proved that ships could sail between the Atlantic and Pacific around the bottom of South America. On the way, he a densely populated island located a few kilometres (~1 mile) from Cebu Island
an open rebellion against the proper authorities, especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers.
5 discovered in what is now California, naming it Nova Albion. Drake returned from his voyage with with silver, some gold, and many spices. Drake faced many challenges. Some of the ships were brought down by other spanish ships near Central America. Other ships were lost in the rough and stormy sea. As he sailed up North America's west coast, while looking for the Northwest Passage7, him and his crew faced bitter, freezing cold. The two voyagers were similar but they were also different. Magellan discovered a very famous strait8 that created many new opportunities for captains and their crew who voyaged. Magellan also discovered many new spices that greatly helped his country and the people in his generation and generations to come along with Drake who also discovered many spices on his voyage up the Spanish coast. Magellan sadly found trouble with some groups in the Philippines luckily Drake didn't find as much trouble and kept his fighting to a minimum, but Drake was quite a thief along with his crew. The two had very large impacts in their country. Drake ended up being more in control of his voyage, he did not take other people's control very well and caused many disputes. Magellan rarely had issues among his crew although he did take most of the control. They changed to way of voyaging for the rest of time. Without the two of them circumnavigation would have never been achieved. Many of the spices found around the world today wouldn't have been spread among different countries. Magellan and Drake were both famous voyagers who were able to complete circumnavigation and will always be some of the most important world travelers or maritime. 7 A sea route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean through northwestern America
a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two large areas of water. 8 History.com Staff. "Ferdinand Magellan." History.com. 2009. Accessed September 19, 2017.
. Discoveries & Difficulties Faced - Ferdinand Magellan. Accessed September 19, 2017.
. History.com Staff. "Francis Drake." History.com. 2009. Accessed September 19, 2017.
. "Challenges Faced - Sir Francis Drake by Maddy." Google Sites. Accessed September 20, 2017.
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