Chicago-Style-Template.pdf - Maritime Exploration Haley Guarnera Essay Unit 3 C Michelle Brock Date Ferdinand Magellan and Sir Francis Drake both

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Unformatted text preview: Maritime​ ​Exploration Haley​ ​Guarnera Essay​ ​Unit​ ​3 C.​ ​Michelle​ ​Brock Date​ ​September​ ​19,​ ​2017 Ferdinand​ ​Magellan​ ​and​ ​Sir​ ​Francis​ ​Drake​ ​both​ ​circumnavigated1​ ​around​ ​the​ ​world. Although​ ​Magellan​ ​went​ ​first​ ​and​ ​Drake​ ​followed​ ​in​ ​his​ ​footsteps.​ ​The​ ​two​ ​faced​ ​many problems​ ​but​ ​also​ ​made​ ​may​ ​discoveries.​ ​Although​ ​they​ ​traveled​ ​almost​ ​the​ ​same​ ​path​ ​they​ ​had their​ ​differences.​ ​These​ ​voyages​ ​in​ ​the​ ​1500’s​ ​created​ ​many​ ​new​ ​things​ ​and​ ​brought​ ​many​ ​new discoveries​ ​to​ ​us.​ ​Their​ ​ways​ ​of​ ​handling​ ​situations​ ​were​ ​different​ ​and​ ​the​ ​risk​ ​they​ ​were​ ​willing to​ ​take​ ​were​ ​as​ ​well. I​ ​will​ ​start​ ​by​ ​writing​ ​about​ ​Ferdinand​ ​Magellan's​ ​Voyage​ ​that​ ​was​ ​from​ ​1519​ ​to​ ​1522. One​ ​of​ ​the​ ​five​ ​ships​ ​of​ ​Magellan’s​ ​voyage​ ​was​ ​named​ ​Victoria,​ ​Victoria​ ​voyaged​ ​from​ ​Spain​ ​to the​ ​Philippines​ ​and​ ​returned​ ​with​ ​spices.​ ​Throughout​ ​the​ ​voyage​ ​of​ ​Magellan​ ​him​ ​and​ ​the​ ​crew were​ ​able​ ​to​ ​discover​ ​many​ ​things​ ​in​ ​different​ ​places.​ ​One​ ​big​ ​thing​ ​was​ ​spices,​ ​they​ ​were mostly​ ​used​ ​for​ ​flavoring​ ​and​ ​preserving​ ​food​ ​and​ ​also​ ​masked​ ​the​ ​taste​ ​of​ ​meat​ ​that​ ​had​ ​gone bad,​ ​some​ ​spices​ ​were​ ​spices​ ​cinnamon,​ ​clove,​ ​nutmeg​ ​and​ ​especially​ ​black​ ​pepper.​ ​One​ ​of Magellan’s​ ​well​ ​known​ ​crew​ ​members​ ​was​ ​Antonio​ ​Pigafetta,​ ​a​ ​Venetian​ ​scholar,​ ​he​ ​accepted the​ ​title​ ​of​ ​"supernumerary2"​ ​and​ ​a​ ​modest​ ​salary.​ ​He​ ​became​ ​an​ ​assistant​ ​of​ ​Magellan​ ​and​ ​kept an​ ​accurate​ ​journal.​ ​While​ ​sailing​ ​down​ ​the​ ​coast​ ​of​ ​South​ ​America​ ​Magellan​ ​and​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​ran into​ ​a​ ​few​ ​problems.​ ​On​ ​minor​ ​problem​ ​was​ ​the​ ​climate​ ​change​ ​as​ ​they​ ​traveled​ ​south,​ ​the​ ​crew had​ ​to​ ​get​ ​used​ ​to​ ​colder​ ​weather.​ ​Sadly​ ​Magellan​ ​never​ ​made​ ​it​ ​back​ ​to​ ​Spain.​ ​Along​ ​with​ ​most of​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​his​ ​was​ ​killed​ ​during​ ​the​ ​expedition.​ ​In​ ​1521,​ ​Magellan​ ​and​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​docked​ ​in​ ​the Philippines​ ​where​ ​they​ ​came​ ​in​ ​contact​ ​with​ ​a​ ​native​ ​tribe​ ​from​ ​Cebu​ ​Island3.​ ​The​ ​leader​ ​Rajah ​ ​sail​ ​or​ ​travel​ ​all​ ​the​ ​way​ ​around​ ​(something,​ ​especially​ ​the​ ​world). ​ ​ ​a​ ​temporary​ ​employee,​ ​additional​ ​society​ ​member,​ ​or​ ​extra​ ​manpower,​ ​usually​ ​in​ ​a​ ​function​ ​which​ ​has​ ​a temporary​ ​contract. 3 ​ ​ ​Cebu​ ​is​ ​a​ ​province​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Philippines​ ​located​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Central​ ​Visayas​ ​(Region​ ​VII)​ ​region 1 2 Humabon​ persuaded​ ​Magellan​ ​and​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​to​ ​assist​ ​them​ ​in​ ​attacking​ ​their​ ​enemy​ ​tribe. Magellan​ ​and​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​along​ ​with​ ​Humabon’s​ ​tribe​ ​traveled​ ​to​ ​Mactan​ ​Island4​ ​to​ ​confront​ ​the enemy​ ​tribe.​ ​The​ ​Battle​ ​of​ ​Mactan​ ​started​ ​a​ ​few​ ​weeks​ ​after​ ​arrival.​ ​Even​ ​with​ ​the​ ​assistance​ ​of Magellan​ ​and​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​Humabon’s​ ​tribe​ ​was​ ​massively​ ​outnumbered.​ ​Magellan​ ​was​ ​killed​ ​by members​ ​of​ ​the​ ​enemy​ ​tribe.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​said​ ​that​ ​Magellan​ ​was​ ​struck​ ​with​ ​a​ ​bamboo​ ​spear​ ​to​ ​the​ ​head. After​ ​realising​ ​they​ ​were​ ​outnumbered,​ ​Magellan’s​ ​crew​ ​surrendered.​ ​Although​ ​many​ ​were killed​ ​during​ ​the​ ​battle,​ ​most​ ​of​ ​Magellan’s​ ​crew​ ​got​ ​back​ ​to​ ​the​ ​ships​ ​safely. Sir​ ​Francis​ ​Drake's​ ​Voyage​ ​around​ ​ ​the​ ​World​ ​was​ ​from​ ​1577​ ​to​ ​1580​ ​Drake’s​ ​ship​ ​was named​ ​“The​ ​Golden​ ​Hind.”​ ​The​ ​main​ ​outcome​ ​of​ ​Drake’s​ ​voyage​ ​was​ ​a​ ​better​ ​understanding​ ​of the​ ​world​ ​and​ ​its​ ​land​ ​and​ ​seas.​ ​Drake​ ​was​ ​to​ ​lead​ ​an​ ​expedition​ ​around​ ​South​ ​America​ ​through the​ ​Straits​ ​of​ ​Magellan.​ ​The​ ​voyage​ ​had​ ​one​ ​big​ ​issue​ ​which​ ​was​ ​the​ ​conflict​ ​between​ ​Drake​ ​and the​ ​two​ ​other​ ​men​ ​who​ ​shared​ ​command.​ ​When​ ​they​ ​arrived​ ​off​ ​the​ ​coast​ ​of​ ​Argentina,​ ​Drake had​ ​one​ ​of​ ​the​ ​men​ ​Thomas​ ​Doughty​ ​arrested,​ ​and​ ​beheaded​ ​for​ ​allegedly​ ​plotting​ ​a​ ​mutiny5. Drake​ ​stopped​ ​at​ ​many​ ​Spanish​ ​ports​ ​along​ ​the​ ​west​ ​coast​ ​of​ ​South​ ​America​ ​then​ ​decided​ ​head north​ ​in​ ​search​ ​of​ ​a​ ​new​ ​way​ ​back​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Atlantic.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​said​ ​that​ ​he​ ​traveled​ ​far​ ​enough​ ​north​ ​to be​ ​parallel​ ​with​ ​the​ ​present​ ​day​ ​Vancouver,​ ​Canada​ ​but​ ​turned​ ​back​ ​because​ ​of​ ​the​ ​terrible​ ​cold conditions.​ ​Drake​ ​stopped​ ​near​ ​present​ ​day​ ​San​ ​Francisco​ ​and​ ​claimed​ ​the​ ​surrounding​ ​land, which​ ​was​ ​called​ ​New​ ​Albion6​ ​this​ ​land​ ​was​ ​for​ ​Queen​ ​Elizabeth.​ ​Drake's​ ​voyage​ ​discovered that​ ​Tierra​ ​del​ ​Fuego,​ ​was​ ​actually​ ​a​ ​group​ ​of​ ​islands.This​ ​discovery​ ​proved​ ​ ​that​ ​ships​ ​could​ ​sail between​ ​the​ ​Atlantic​ ​and​ ​Pacific​ ​around​ ​the​ ​bottom​ ​of​ ​South​ ​America.​ ​On​ ​the​ ​way,​ ​he ​ ​ ​a​ ​densely​ ​populated​ ​island​ ​located​ ​a​ ​few​ ​kilometres​ ​(~1​ ​mile)​ ​from​ ​Cebu​ ​Island ​ ​an​ ​open​ ​rebellion​ ​against​ ​the​ ​proper​ ​authorities,​ ​especially​ ​by​ ​soldiers​ ​or​ ​sailors​ ​against​ ​their​ ​officers. 6 ​ ​New​ ​England 4 5 discovered​ ​in​ ​what​ ​is​ ​now​ ​California,​ ​naming​ ​it​ ​Nova​ ​Albion.​ ​Drake​ ​returned​ ​from​ ​his​ ​voyage with​ ​with​ ​silver,​ ​some​ ​gold,​ ​and​ ​many​ ​spices.​ ​Drake​ ​faced​ ​many​ ​challenges.​ ​Some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​ships were​ ​brought​ ​down​ ​by​ ​other​ ​spanish​ ​ships​ ​near​ ​Central​ ​America.​ ​Other​ ​ships​ ​were​ ​lost​ ​in​ ​the rough​ ​and​ ​stormy​ ​sea.​ ​As​ ​he​ ​sailed​ ​up​ ​North​ ​America's​ ​west​ ​coast,​ ​while​ ​looking​ ​for​ ​the Northwest​ ​Passage7,​ ​him​ ​and​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​faced​ ​bitter,​ ​freezing​ ​cold. The​ ​two​ ​voyagers​ ​were​ ​similar​ ​but​ ​they​ ​were​ ​also​ ​different.​ ​Magellan​ ​discovered​ ​a​ ​very famous​ ​strait8​ ​that​ ​created​ ​many​ ​new​ ​opportunities​ ​for​ ​captains​ ​and​ ​their​ ​crew​ ​who​ ​voyaged. Magellan​ ​also​ ​discovered​ ​many​ ​new​ ​spices​ ​ ​that​ ​greatly​ ​helped​ ​his​ ​country​ ​and​ ​the​ ​people​ ​in​ ​his generation​ ​and​ ​generations​ ​to​ ​come​ ​along​ ​with​ ​Drake​ ​who​ ​also​ ​discovered​ ​many​ ​spices​ ​on​ ​his voyage​ ​up​ ​the​ ​Spanish​ ​coast.​ ​Magellan​ ​sadly​ ​found​ ​trouble​ ​with​ ​some​ ​groups​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Philippines luckily​ ​Drake​ ​didn't​ ​find​ ​as​ ​much​ ​trouble​ ​and​ ​kept​ ​his​ ​fighting​ ​to​ ​a​ ​minimum,​ ​but​ ​Drake​ ​was quite​ ​a​ ​thief​ ​along​ ​with​ ​his​ ​crew.​ ​The​ ​two​ ​had​ ​very​ ​large​ ​impacts​ ​in​ ​their​ ​country.​ ​Drake​ ​ended up​ ​being​ ​more​ ​in​ ​control​ ​of​ ​his​ ​voyage,​ ​he​ ​did​ ​not​ ​take​ ​other​ ​people's​ ​control​ ​very​ ​well​ ​and caused​ ​many​ ​disputes.​ ​Magellan​ ​rarely​ ​had​ ​issues​ ​among​ ​his​ ​crew​ ​although​ ​he​ ​did​ ​take​ ​most​ ​of the​ ​control.​ ​They​ ​changed​ ​to​ ​way​ ​of​ ​voyaging​ ​for​ ​the​ ​rest​ ​of​ ​time.​ ​Without​ ​the​ ​two​ ​of​ ​them circumnavigation​ ​would​ ​have​ ​never​ ​been​ ​achieved.​ ​Many​ ​of​ ​the​ ​spices​ ​found​ ​around​ ​the​ ​world today​ ​wouldn't​ ​have​ ​been​ ​spread​ ​among​ ​different​ ​countries.​ ​Magellan​ ​and​ ​Drake​ ​were​ ​both famous​ ​voyagers​ ​who​ ​were​ ​able​ ​to​ ​complete​ ​circumnavigation​ ​and​ ​will​ ​always​ ​be​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the most​ ​important​ ​world​ ​travelers​ ​or​ ​maritime. 7 ​ ​A​ ​sea​ ​route​ ​from​ ​the​ ​Atlantic​ ​Ocean​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Pacific​ ​Ocean​ ​through​ ​northwestern​ ​America ​ ​a​ ​narrow​ ​passage​ ​of​ ​water​ ​connecting​ ​two​ ​seas​ ​or​ ​two​ ​large​ ​areas​ ​of​ ​water. 8 History.com​ ​Staff.​ ​"Ferdinand​ ​Magellan."​ ​History.com.​ ​2009.​ ​Accessed​ ​September​ ​19,​ ​2017. ​. Discoveries​ ​&​ ​Difficulties​ ​Faced​ ​-​ ​Ferdinand​ ​Magellan.​ ​Accessed​ ​September​ ​19,​ ​2017. ​. History.com​ ​Staff.​ ​"Francis​ ​Drake."​ ​History.com.​ ​2009.​ ​Accessed​ ​September​ ​19,​ 2017. ​. "Challenges​ ​Faced​ ​-​ ​Sir​ ​Francis​ ​Drake​ ​by​ ​Maddy."​ ​Google​ ​Sites.​ ​Accessed​ ​September​ ​20,​ ​2017. ​. ...
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