humanities-clep-humanities-study-guide - Poetry terminology onomadtepoeia denotation alliteration limerick euphony connotation allusion simile

humanities-clep-humanities-study-guide - Poetry...

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Unformatted text preview: Poetry terminology onomadtepoeia denotation alliteration limerick euphony connotation allusion simile metaphor rhyme scheme sonnet caesura haiku octave refrain consonance assonnance apostrophe personification hyperbole elegy foot stanza villanelle metric unit iambic anaspestic dactylic trochaic deux ex machina Italian sonnet metonomy synecdoche didactic cacophony epic satire couplet tercet quantrain quintain cinquain sestet octave words that sound like their meaning dictionary defintion of what a word literally means words in succession with same beginning sound humerous, aabba pleasant sounding arrangement of words, smooth sounding letters, l,m,n,r, soft gentle tone associated with the denotation reference to something from history or literature explicit comparision between 2 things using as or like implicit comparision pattern of rhymes 14 lines, abab cdcd efef gg pause within line 3 lines, 5,7,5 syllables 8 lines any length repeated part in same position in each stanza repeated final consonant in word row repeated vowel sound as if speaking directly to subject of poem human qualities to non-human overstatement or gross exaggeration poem written to commerate the dead one accented syllable on one or two unaccented group of lines whose natural pattern is repeated French poem with form: "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night" a 1st refrain only 1st stanza b a alternate 1st and 2nd refrain a 2nd refrain only last stanza set of 2-3 syllables, only one stressed. Anapestic, dactylic, iambic, trochaic one foot, two syllables, (iamb) accent on the 2nd syllable, the KING/ was IN/ his COUNT/ ing HOUSE foot using 3 syllables, (anapest) accent on 3rd syllable, Twas the NIGHT/ be-fore CHRIST/ mas ann AL foot using 3 syllables, (dactyl) accent on 1st syllable, HEY did-dle/ DID'dle the/ CAT and the/ FID-dle foot using 2 syllables (trochee) accent on 1st syllable, PE-ter/ PET-er/ PUMP-kin/Eat-er (god from the machine-Latin) sudden plot twist, resolution of seemingly hopeless situation (Petrarchan for Petrarch-Italian poet), abba abba cdcdcd related item to refer to item itself, As Washingto(DC) for US Gov part to refer to whole, married ear to refer to married husband instilling feeling, message or moral harsh sounds long length poem poke fun at ridiculous stanza of 2 lines, distich 3 lines 4 5 6 7 8 eye rhymes blank verse soliloquy aside spoonerism situational irony dramatic irony free verse (sight rhymes)look the same written but not sound alike. through, trough unrhymes iambic pentamenter character talks to self to reveal thoughts degression that offers insight or explanation initial consonants of 1st and other word switched outcome differs from expectation speaker words and meaning contradicted free of conventions 3rd degree of a major scale- mediant 4th degree of a major scale- subdominant 5th degree of a major scale- dominant tonic first step of a scale 7th degree of a major leading tone 1/2 steps in major scales: between 3-4, 7-8 1/2 step in minor scales: between 2-3, 5-6 melodic minor scale: 1/2 step 2-3 and 7-8 ascending, but descending do it in natural order chromatic scaleall 1/2 steps whole tone scale 6 notes only, all whole Pentatonic sclale 5 notes, Indian and Asian music; combination of black keys, either order 2 or 3 first , l,m,n,r, soft gentle tone G/ was IN/ his COUNT/ ing HOUSE IGHT/ be-fore CHRIST/ mas ann ALL/ through the HOUSE DID'dle the/ CAT and the/ FID-dle T-er/ PUMP-kin/Eat-er ingly hopeless situation order 2 or 3 first Michel Montaigne Suetonius Peloponnesian War Martin Luther King, Jr John Brown On Friendship. Twelve Caesars, a biography of the lives of the Caesars "I havebetween a Dream" speech the Lincoln Memorial in 1963.King battle Athens andatSparta, effectively destroyed Athens was assassinated on April 4, 1968 by James Earl Ray. John Hancock Charles Darwin John Scopes William Randolph Hearst Charles Lindbergh Anne Hutchinson Virginia Dare Emily Post George Washington Christopher Columbus Amerigo Vespucci Malcolm X Gloria Steinem Aristotle Onassis Galileo Galilei Henry Ford Sigmund Freud Albert Einstein President of the Continental Congress, he was the first to sign the Declaration of Independence, and did so with a flourishi Origin of Species persecuted for teaching Darwinism in his biology classroom began his first career in publishing withacross the San Examiner, and his made publishing houseingrew 18 newspapers andwas 9 ma made the non-stop solo flight theFrancisco Atlantic Ocean.,His family headlines 1932toafter his young son k helped to found Rhode Island,slaughtered by Indians,believed that one could reach heaven through faith alone, and that de first child born in America,most Sherecently and her Peggy family Post, settledhave at Sir Walter Raleigh’s thekeep inhabitants wroteEnglish Etiquette, Her descendents, continued to updateRoanoke her initialIsland, work to up withof thew sailed three ships across the Atlantic in 1492, Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria America derived its name, Italian navigator, As a result of Vespucci’s work, maps of the entire planet changed radically Feminist founded Ms. magazine.,National Women’s Political Caucus, the Women’s Action Alliance, and the Coalition of L Jacqueline Kennedy eventually went on to marry after her husband John’s death.,One of the richest men in the world, Ona belief that the sun was at the center of the universe led to his death during the Inquisition. perfected the assembly line Oedipus complex theory, and attributed most psychological problems (particularly sexual ones) to childhood occurrences. work led to the development of the atomic bomb and nuclear fission Milton - Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained Victor Hugo - Les Miserables, The Hunchback of Notre Dame Alexander Dumas - The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo Jules Verne - 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea James Joyce - Ulysses, Finnegan's Wake -Merry Wives of Windsor - (Comedy) Falstaff, TWO wives, Shallow and Slender (drinking buddies) Tempest - (Comedy) Prospero, Ferdinand, Miranda, Caliban (slave), Ariel (sprite) Twelfth Night - (Comedy) Viola/Cesario, Olivia, Malvolio, Orsino, Sebastian The Two Gentlemen of Verona - (Comedy) Proteus, Valentine...in love with Silvia Art Deco 1920's-30's, curvy, 3D geometric forms Tamara de Lampika Cubism- 1907-early 1920's blacks, grays, abstract and cubes. Picasso Renaissance - late 18th -early 19th century- da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Botticelli (calm, simple faces) Mannerism - Italian, 1520-1600-El Greco (more detailed, rejected perfectionism,El Greco, Jacopo Tintoretto, and Antoine Caron, Beccafumi Baroque - Rubens, Vermeer, Rembrandt (dramatic, emotion and movement, often expanding beyond religious theme to nature and figures) 17th,18 Neoclassicism-late 18th century, lead-in for romanticism: discovery of Pompeii, renewed interest in Greek and Roman history Romantic - Millet, Delacroix, Constable, Goya, Turner (nature, the past, melodramatic, tragic) Impressionist - Degas, Renoir, Monet (candid glimpses, effects of different light on the same painting) Neo-impressionism-Seurat. Urban scenes, landscapes: POINTILLISM Post-impressionist - Cezanne, Van Gogh, Modigliani Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, and Amedeo Modigiliani Modernism-refers to innovative means of expression. Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol Art Nouveau- 1860-WWIGustav Klimt and Theophile Stimlin, Lalique, Gaudi, Tiffany. The style mostly encompassed jewelry and book illustrations, a Fauvism - Henri Matisse, Raoul Dufy, and Andre Derain (vibrant colors, distorted figures)1905-08 Dadism- 1916-1922. post WWI, absurd and unpredictable: usually collages. Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray Minimalist-1960's- reduction to barest form Ellsworth Kelly, Barnett Newman, and Clifford Singer Serge Diaghilev - Ballet Russe Edo period-1615-1868 Meishi-O focuses on Mt Fuji characteristically Bach - (Baroque...Counterpoint) Toccata and Fugue, Brandenburg Concertos, Well-Tempered Clavier Vivaldi - (Baroque) The Four Seasons The Pavane and the Polonaise - court dances. Mozart - (Classical) Magic Flute, Cossi fan Tutte (remember Saliere) Joseph Haydn - (Classical) Surprise Symphony (he taught Beethoven and Mozart) Richard Strauss - (Romantic) Don Juan, Also Sprach Zarathustra -Serge Diaghilev - Ballet Russe Martha Graham - Ballet dancer. She is remembered as the “mother of dance.” Danilova - Prima Ballerina in the Ballet Russe Champion and Tharp - Choreographers -Apollo - (Greek) God of Shepherds and Muses Dionysus - (Greek) God of wine and fertility Poseidon - (Greek) God of the sea Mercury - (Roman) God of speed Vulcan - (Roman) God of Fire and Crafts Neptune - (Roman) God of the sea Literary fallacies Ad Hominum: "to the man". Focuses on the character rather than the argument; "Tom is a thief, therefore his argument must be wrong" Ad Populem: "to the people". Declares an opinion correct because a great number of people believe it; regardless of refuting statistics. UFO's Ad vericundium: "to wisdom". Argument that just because a great person said it, it must be true. Celebs who comment on politics, etc.or areas out Straw man: creating a weak argument, then destroying it. "I think nude beaches should be allowed". "No, the rampant free sex would destroy the m Post Hoc: just because one thing happens before another, the first thing causes the second (rooster crowing which causes the sun to rise) Part-whole: proving part of an argument does not prove the entire argument> " a woman can run 100 yards in 10 seconds, therefore she should ru Either-or: if one argument is true, the other must be false. " Rationalization: unpleasant outcome due to uncontrollable (rather than controllable) events> "I rushed the essay and got an F, but it was because t Red Herring: throwing in a distracting argument to throw debate off course. A stinky fish slippery slope: a small first step leads to cataclysmic events 1968 by James Earl Ray. ce, and did so with a flourishing signature ew toafter 18 newspapers andwas 9 magazines his lifetimeOrson Well’s Citizen Kane is said to be based on Hearst’s life 932 his young son kidnappedduring from their home and murdered. rough faith alone, and that denying one pleasures during life or engaging in elaborate religious rituals were futile and unnecessary ke thekeep inhabitants all mysteriously disappeared tialIsland, work to up withof thewhich changing times. e planet changed radically Alliance, and the Coalition of Labor Union Women. Her books include Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions and Revelation from Within. richest men in the world, Onassis controlled a major shipping company, the Monte Carlo casino, and Olympic Airways, among many other holdings. es) to childhood occurrences. aron, Beccafumi o nature and figures) 17th,18th century europe elry and book illustrations, and was fraught with symbolism t must be wrong" futing statistics. UFO's on politics, etc.or areas outside one's expertise or field free sex would destroy the moral fiber of the universe" uses the sun to rise) onds, therefore she should run 1000 yards in 100 seconds" got an F, but it was because the teacher hates me" er holdings. Non-fiction - religions Transcendentalists Humanism Neoplatonism Existentialism Hermeneutics Manichaeism Islam Buddhism Confucianism Taoism Hindu Friedrich Nietzsche Georg W.F. Hegel Immanuel Kant Jean Jacques Rousseau Rene Descartes John Locke Thomas Hobbes Epicureans Aristotle Cynics Stoicism Plato Socrates Karl Marx St. Augustine Idealism Socrates Aristotle Kant Mill Rouseau utilitarianism Humans at center of universe, capabilities of humans Pagan, founded by Platinus on ideas of Plato, The One, The World Soul, dead reabsorbed i Martin Heidegger(wrote Being and Time) and Jean-Paul Sartre (no God, no moral absolutes Hans-Georg Gadamer wrote Truth and Method, influenced by Heidegger-everything is biase Mani -founder, no personal sin, elect had happy afterlife Followers, called Muslims, go by the book of the Qur’an, the word of God as told to Mohamm ethical system of being neighborly Lao Tzu (founder-father)adopted from Buddhism, Taoism incorporates many gods, the head Bhagavad-Gita, Caste systems-Brahmans (highest)remaining three castes are Kshatriyas (w More of a moralist than a philosopher (though his name is arguably the most widely recogniz published Phenomenology of Mind in 1807 and Philosophy of Right in 1821; being, not bein Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone,believed that reality extended only so far as an in But human nature does not go backward, and we never return to the times of innocence and are a sect of hedonism (Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure) Greek,Alexander the Great’s tutor, and a student of Plato, wrote Rhetoric, Poetics, and Meta formed by Antisthenes in Greece in 400 A.D, austere, celibate restraining emotion c. 427–c. 347 BC Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates, wrote Republic and Symposium Greek, Plato’s teacher, he was later condemned to death by drinking poison hemlock by fello chief designer of modern socialist and communist practices. He wrote Das Kapital, an expos Confessions Berkeley; to be is to be perceived "esse est percipi"; only ideas are real A life of virtue or excellence is a matter of knowledge Virtuous activity is a matter of habit and training the only good thing is a good will (utilititarianism) pleasure principal man is good inherently, but corrupted by environment greatest amount of pleasure for the greatest number d Soul, dead reabsorbed into The One God, no moral absolutes), with Søren Kierkegaard(father of movement)absloute power to choose own destiny egger-everything is biased by our experience of God as told to Mohammed. There are five basic principles to Islam: first, there is only one God, and Mohammed is the only mouthpiece o ates many gods, the head of which is the Jade Emperor, with the Emperor of the Eastern Mountain serving as second-in-command e castes are Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (farmers/merchants), and Shudras (laborers). y the most widely recognized), Nietzsche hated Western civilization with a passion and spent much of his time denouncing it. He believed in t in 1821; being, not being, becoming ended only so far as an individual’s personal degree of “knowing,” and it is impossible to “know” things that one cannot experience firsthand he times of innocence and equality, when we have once departed from them.” Man good, civilization corrupts. Social Contract hetoric, Poetics, and Metaphysics Republic and Symposium,expressed his philosophical beliefs largely through fictional dialogues ng poison hemlock by fellow Athenians for his alleged atheism ote Das Kapital, an expose of Marxism and a foundation for socialism around the world.proletariet, Borgeious d is the only mouthpiece of God; second, five daily ritual prayers; third, paying a religious tax; fourth, fasting during sunlight during the month ond-in-command ouncing it. He believed in a superman that would bring salvation, an ordinary man who could will himself to power and live at the height of p nnot experience firsthand sunlight during the month of Ramadan; and fifth, traveling to Mecca to reunify the nation of Islam (a pilgrimage taken by many each year). and live at the height of passion and creativity. ken by many each year). Poets Chaucer, Geoffrey Milton Tennyson, Alfred Lord Donne, John Pope, Alexander Shakespeare Blake, William Rom Nash, Ogden Burns, Robert cummings, e.e. Robinson, Edward Arlington Hughes, Langston Wadsworth, William Herrick, Robert Frost, Robert Dickenson, Emily Emerson, Ralph Waldo Whitman, Walt Yeats, William Butler Algelou, Maya Browning, Robert Plath, Sylvia Housman, AE Caroll, Lewis Kinnel, Galway Thomas, Dylan Atwood, Margaret St, Vincent Millay, Edna Keats, John Dante Eliot, TS Thoreau, Henry David Shelley, Percy Homer Gillihan, Strickland Marlowe, Christopher Browning, Elizabeth Barrett Hopkins, Gerard Manley Larkin, Philip Hardy, Thomas Byron, Lord Hayden, Robert Nemerov, Howard Parker, Dorothy Pope, Alexander The Canterbury Tales,Whan that Aprill with his shoures soote (considered the father of english Paradise Lost, Behemoth: biggest born of earth, upheaved His vastness 1809-92, The Eagle(He clasps the crag with crooked hands;Close to the sun in lonely lands,Rin (religious symbolism and elaborate metaphors)Death be not proud. The Calme, A Hymn to God An Essay on Criticism (a little learning is a dangerous thing, Hope springs, Fools rush in, ), Sep (Incorporated religious visions in his work) The Tiger, The Lamb (famous pair of Poems), Comp The Turtle (Scottish) Auld Lang Syne, O my Love is like a red red rose(And fare thee weel, my only luve!A (first letter lowercase, time in French prison) The Mill, Richard Cory(suicide), Mr. Flood's Party (discusses wastfulness and indifference of humans toward nature. Nature often his theme) The b. 1591, (mostly English countryside and fictional women) To the virgins To Make Too Much of 1874-1963 The Road not Taken The Pasture, Birches, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evenin To a discerning eye,Much sense, the starkest madness.‘Tis the majorityIn this, as all, prevail:As (Friend of Thoreau)Suum Cuique(Wilt thou seal up the avenues of ill?Pay every debt, as if God (gay American, outbursts of thrilled emotion) Leaves of Grass(collection of 30), Sang this- Song (b. Dublin, Gaelic-influenced) Sailing to Bysantium, the Second Coming, When you are Old, To The Rock Cries out to us Today, Million Man March, I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings (Suicide at 30, dark macabre pieces) Ariel, Crossing the Water, Winter Trees To an athlete dying young (Charles Dodgsen), Jabberwocky, Alice in Wonderland Blackberry eating Do not Go Gentle into that good night (Candian poet and novelist) Landcrab, In the Secular Night, This is a photograph of me (1892-1950,sonnets, lively tone) Elegy before Death, Thou art lovelier than Lilacs, the Suicide, (1795-1821) To Autumn(Seasons od mists and yellow fruitfulness), To Hope, Ode to a Nighting Divine Comedy Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock, Wasteland(compilation) Ozymandias Illiad, Odyseey, 8th century BC, Greek, epic Lines on Antiquity of Micrilus (Adam, Had'em) b. 1564 , Dr. Faustus, Was this the face that launched a thousand ships Sonnets from the Portugese, How do I love thee let me count the ways 1844-1889 the Wreck of Deutschland, the caged Skylark, Heaven-Heaven, Pied Beauty, God's (deadly wit, exposed less savory sides of English life) the North Shop, The Whitsun Weddings, (Themes-man fighting against supernatural forces) A Study of Reading Habits, Church Going T (friend of Percy Shelley, incest, homo) English Bards and Scotch Reviewers(negative re: the Po (Detroit) The Whipping, Those Winter Sundays, Ballad of Remembrance (grand prize 1966 Wo Grace to Be Said at the Supermarket One Perfect Rose Rape of the Lock sidered the father of english poetry. to the sun in lonely lands,Ringed with the azure world, he stands.The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls;He watches from his mountain walls . The Calme, A Hymn to God our Father, Confined Love, The Good-Morrow, At Round Earth's imagined Corners springs, Fools rush in, ), Sephyr, Rape of the Lock, Essay on Man, translations of Homer and Iliad mous pair of Poems), Compilations: Songs of Experience and Songs of Innocence, The Sick Rose re thee weel, my only luve!And are thee weel, a while! And I will come again, my luve,Tho it were ten thousand mile!), To a Mouse, Tam O'S Nature often his theme) The World is too much with us rgins To Make Too Much of Time(Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,Old Time is still a-flying;And this same flower that smiles todayTomorrow Woods on a Snowy Evening(And miles to go before I sleep.), Acquainted with Night, Fire and Ice, Home Burial(one of longest), Snowy Eve jorityIn this, as all, prevail:Assent, and you are sane;Demur,you’re straightway dangerousAnd handled with a chain.), I heard a fly buzz whe ill?Pay every debt, as if God wrote the bill), Nature, The Snowstorm ction of 30), Sang...
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