air power test

air power test - Bobby Sessoms HIST 213 October 20, 2008...

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Bobby Sessoms HIST 213 October 20, 2008 Military Air Power Development in US, Great Britain, and Germany World War I answered many of the questions surrounding air power at the time. The war was instrumental in establishing the potential of an air force as well as the flaws of air power. With the conclusion of the Great War came the beginning of revising and redeveloping air power across the world. The global powers of the time: Great Britain, the United States, and Germany each developed their military air power based on the experiences of WWI. Air power development in Great Britain focused primarily upon the idea of strategic bombing. The British had experienced firsthand the effects of strategic bombing raids when Germany bombed London during the First World War. They had seen how effective strategic bombing can be in undermining civilian morale. British air power doctrine was greatly influenced by the theories of Sir Hugh Trenchard. The theory of the Royal Air Force (RAF) rested on delivering a knockout blow to the enemy through strategic bombing. British air strategy was able to focus almost entirely on strategic bombing was Great Britain’s geographic location. Being an island, Great Britain was not very susceptible to a ground attack allowing air forces to focus on bombing rather than on providing close air support for ground forces. Army cooperation, therefore, was considered to be of limited importance in air power theory. In addition, new technology in the 1930s enabled more effective strategic bombing as bomber aircraft such as the Boeing B-9 were able to match the performance of fighter aircrafts. Strategic bombing completely dominated theory in the RAF until the government enforced a shift towards air defense in 1937. They felt that support of the Army or the Navy was a diversion of quite
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limited resources. However, little time was devoted to how to actually develop this strategy as a result of poor funding for the RAF during the 1920s and ‘30s. Maritime aviation, however, was a concern that needed to be addressed in British military air doctrine. Unfortunately Great
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2008 for the course HIST 213 taught by Professor Caddell during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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air power test - Bobby Sessoms HIST 213 October 20, 2008...

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