Midterm 2 Study Guide

Midterm 2 Study Guide - Anthropology 200g Origins of...

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Anthropology 200g Origins of Humanity Midterm 2 - Study Guide This study guide is not comprehensive. Questions on the exam may come from any lecture notes, lab activities (exercises, videos, discussions) and readings. READINGS Through a Window by Jane Goodall Be familiar with apes and their ecology Her findings o Warfare o Infanticide Males will kill offspring of other females who they want to mate with to increase their reproductive fitness Naming chimps Raising babies o Passion not passionate for her daughter (anxious, not independent) until her son died o Flo was an involved mother. Her daughter, Fifi, was high on the dominance chain of females Apes of the Impenetrable Forest by Craig Stanford Chimps and gorillas living in the same habitat o Sympatric, the only place you will find this o Diane Fossey first Salad habitat Gorillas sat and ate Impenetrable forest has fruit in the ecology o Gorillas ate fruit when they could get it Seasonal o Chimps ate fruit all the time Preconceived notion: o Chimps sleep in trees o Gorillas on the ground Actually, at Bwindi: o Nests of gorillas in one tree, chimps in another right next to it o Chimps not always in the trees (where predators are not present) Chimps always had meat in their fecal matter Chimps get fruit by being bipedal Interesting because we know that multiple human species used to live together, we can see how they do this o Environment is similar too They can both survive despite the ecological niche theory 1
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o Food o Sleeping areas o Travel pattern Stanford et al. text (Ch 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15) Annual Editions Readings (11, 12, 17, 22, 24, 27, 30, 32, 33) FILM The New Chimpanzees LABS Primate Osteology Lab Fossil Lab THE GREAT APES (continued) Major research sites for the great apes Similarities and differences between great apes in behavior and ecology. Gorilla/Pan interactions and sympatry - Bwindi Impenetrable Great Ape Project Chimpanzee hunting behavior, sociality What is meat eating important? Meat became an unquestionably important part of the early human diet by 2.5 million years ago o Fossils with scratch marks made by humans Animal protein and fats were likely in short supply and of great nutritional value As a limited commodity, meat offers opportunities and necessity for barter systems Economics of limited resources
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Midterm 2 Study Guide - Anthropology 200g Origins of...

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