Midterm 3 Study Guide

Midterm 3 Study Guide - Midterm 3 Study Guide People and...

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  Midterm 3 Study Guide People and Their Theories Wolpoff and Thorne—Multi Regional/Continuity Model “FORKS” Origins Model Homo erectus left Africa 500k yrs ago Populations evolved independently but parallel into Homo sapiens Modern people: 1 million yrs ago Neanderthal related to us Transitional Homo sapiens: Bodo man Transitional Homo sapiens tool Wilson and Cann—Out of Africa/Replacement Model “EVE” “PIPES” Homo sapiens evolved in Africa then spread out to cover the world o Branched from Homo ergaster into Homo erectus, H.  heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis, and Homo Sapiens Neanderthal not related to us Modern people: 150 k yrs ago which migrated out of Africa ***mitochondrial DNA great to study because… Mutates faster Only passed through the mothers line    They looked at women’s DNA from all over the world to see where we began Alfred Binet—Origins of the modern IQ test (caveats and uses in America) Origins of IQ test o Believed in racial superiority o 1904 – forerunner of IQ test o 1908 – scale of intelligence battery of simple tasks… IQ= true age-mental age o Premises Does not measure intelligence Caveats and Uses in America o Score an entity that means something o H. H. Goddard Refined Binet scale in US—coined the word moron
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Major hereditarian o L. M. Terman Stanford-Binet Test Believed careers would be assigned by IQ scores o Robert Yerkes Mass testing in military and immigration policies at Ellis  Island Racist against Eastern Jews o Sir Cyril Burt Identical twins studies suggested inherited similarities when  reared apart Faked data o Arthur Jensen-Berkeley Modern hereditarian who believes in Ladder of Evolution o The Bell Curve 1994 Hernstein and Murray IQ and socioeconomic status S. G. Morton—Craniometry Studied skulls in 1920s o Sand in scull o Found racist implications Steven Jay Gould showed Morton could be a fraud o Packing the sand Paul Broca—Craniometry and Hereditarianism 1824-1880 hereditarian views of race and intellect o Broca’s ladder of intellectual evolution White men White women Minorities of different sexes Marty Profet—Menstruation Rid body of toxins in sperm-borne infections In other mammals, degree of menstruation proportional to threat of sperm-
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borne diseases Konner and Shostak—Mothering and Diet Among the !Kung Kalahari Desert Mothering o Spoil children o Mother-infant bonds Diet o Eat lots of fiber o Meat when they catch it Evolutionary Psychology “Adapted Mind” o Natural and sexual selection operate on psychological mechanisms 
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Midterm 3 Study Guide - Midterm 3 Study Guide People and...

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