cj 505 ASSIGNMENT 3.docx - Rik Burroughs Reading...

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Rik Burroughs Reading Assignment #3 Dr. Dotter CJ 505 Ch. 5 The Chicago School 2. Discuss differential association theory, including its main contributor and its explanation of criminality. Briefly apply the perspective to the example of the professional thief. Schuessler suggested that the publication in 1924 of Criminology marks Sutherlands official entry into the field of criminology. The idea for the criminology text came from Edward C. Hayes; Hayes asked Sutherland to write a criminology textbook for the Lipincott series. He believed that younger faculty should be engaged in major project for their own good. The avoidance of the pitfalls of biological theories of crime and its attempt to promote sociological definition of crime is what set Sutherlands text apart from other works. In an address given in 1942, Sutherland explained the development of the theory of differential association theory as it being implicit rather than explicit, appearing about criticisms of other theories rather than as organized constructive statements. He noted that the second edition of his Criminology in 1934 showed some progress toward a point of view and a general hypothesis. In the third edition, he developed his differential association theory into 7 hypotheses; in the fourth edition, he suggested 9 propositions. (1) Criminal behavior is learned; (2) criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication; (3) the principle part of learning criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups; (4) When criminal behavior is learned, the learning includes techniques and the specific direction of motives; (5) the specific direction of motives is learned from definitions of legal codes as favorable or unfavorable; (6) a person

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