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Ch.4 Reading AssignmentFUNCTIONALISM AND ANOMIEJA’TERIOUS POUNCY
Ja’Terious PouncyReading Assignment #4Dr. Lee CJ 505Chapter 4: The Functionalist Perspective1. Discuss Merton’s theory of anomie. Include the following: the primary cultural goal in America; the difference between cultural goals and institutionalized means for achieving them; the various adaptations; weaknesses of the theory.The concept of anomie introduced by Durkheim in the organic society and used again later as a typology of suicide was mostly ignored in American criminology until Robert Merton revived the term 40 years later in his essay on Social Structure and Anomie (Merton, 1938).Merton’s conceptualization of anomie and the modes of adaption represent a unidimensional effort to explain why young, urban, poor, and minority males had high “crime rates” for property offense. He seemed erroneously to accept arrest rates reported in the FBI’s UCR as accurate indicators of persons who commit these offenses. Merton perceived crime because of a society that was in disequilibrium. He used a macro level of analysis suggesting thatthe phenomenon of crime is imposed on the actor by the social structure, which is out of balance.Merton argued that anomie occurs because of a dissociation between culturally prescribed aspirations and socially structured avenues for realizing these aspirations (p. 188). He indicated