Jesus and the Gospels

Jesus and the - 1st Stage-what Jesus said and did 2nd Stage-oral reporting(memory of what he said and did 3rd Stage-Partial writings Passion

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Unformatted text preview: 1st Stage--what Jesus said and did 2nd Stage--oral reporting (memory) of what he said and did 3rd Stage--Partial writings Passion Materials, Teachings (parables), miracles, conflict stories, infancy stories Often preserved in “blocks” 4th Stage--Full Gospels like Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John Synoptic Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke Meaning: These 3 gospels share a large quantity of material in common, allowing their texts to be viewed together “with one eye” (Harris) Synoptic Problem To determine the relationships among Matthew, Mark, and Luke Similarities Differences Synoptic Problem Similarities Outline Contents Order Wording Differences Outline Contents Order Wording Source Criticism Helps explain the relationships of the Synoptic Gospels through the literary sources the writers used. Assumption: Mark is the earliest gospel and was used independently as a source for both Matthew and Luke. This best explains Matthew’s and Luke’s similarities with Mark. Source Criticism But … what about … ??? Material not in Mark but common to Matthew and Luke? Explanation: Matthew and Luke used an independent source we today call “Q.” ( Quelle--German for “Source” (Q, mostly consists of sayings/teachings of Jesus.) Source Criticism (cont.) What about material peculiar to Matthew? Explanation: Matthew used a source we today call “M.” What about material peculiar to Luke? Explanation: Luke used a source we today call “L.” M Mark Q Matthew Luke L Triple tradition, baptism of Jesus Matt 3:13-17 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan, to be baptized by him. (14) John would have prevented him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” (15) But Jesus answered him, “Let it be so now; for it is Mark 1:9-11 In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee Luke 3:21-22 Now when all the people were baptized Triple tradition, baptism of Jesus proper for us in this way to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he consented. (16) And when Jesus had been baptized, just as he came up from the water, suddenly the heavens were opened to him and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. and was baptized by John in the Jordan. (10) And just as he was coming out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending upon him like a dove on him; (11) and a voice came from heaven and when Jesus also had been baptized...
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2008 for the course REL 102 taught by Professor Love,d during the Fall '08 term at Pepperdine.

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Jesus and the - 1st Stage-what Jesus said and did 2nd Stage-oral reporting(memory of what he said and did 3rd Stage-Partial writings Passion

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