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Jesus and the Gospels

Jesus and the Gospels - 1st Stage-what Jesus said and did...

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      1st Stage--what Jesus said and did 2nd Stage--oral reporting (memory) of what he  said and did 3rd Stage--Partial writings Passion Materials, Teachings (parables),  miracles, conflict stories, infancy stories Often preserved in “blocks” 4th Stage--Full Gospels like Matthew, Mark, Luke,  and John
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    Synoptic Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke Meaning: These 3 gospels share a large quantity  of material in common, allowing their  texts to be viewed together “with one  eye” (Harris)
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    Synoptic Problem To determine the relationships among  Matthew, Mark, and Luke Similarities Differences
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    Synoptic Problem Similarities Outline Contents Order Wording Differences Outline Contents Order Wording
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    Source Criticism Helps explain the relationships of the Synoptic  Gospels through the literary sources the writers  used. Assumption:  Mark is the earliest gospel and  was used independently as a source for both Matthew  and Luke.   This best explains Matthew’s and Luke’s  similarities with Mark.
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    Source Criticism But … what about … ??? Material not in Mark but common to Matthew  and Luke? Explanation: Matthew and Luke used an  independent source we today call “Q.”  ( Quelle --German for “Source” (Q, mostly consists of sayings/teachings of  Jesus.)
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    Source Criticism (cont.) What about material  peculiar to  Matthew? Explanation:  Matthew used a  source we today  call “M.” What about material  peculiar to Luke? Explanation: Luke  used a source we  today call “L.”
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    M Mark Q Matthew Luke L
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    Triple tradition, baptism of  Jesus Matt 3:13-17 Then  Jesus came from  Galilee  to John at the  Jordan, to be baptized  by him. (14) John  would have prevented  him, saying, “I need to  be baptized by you,  and do you come to  me?” (15) But Jesus  answered him, “Let it  be so now; for it is Mark 1:9-11 In those days  Jesus  came from  Nazareth of  Galilee Luke 3:21-22 Now when all the  people were baptized
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    Triple tradition, baptism of  Jesus proper for us in this  way to fulfill all  righteousness.” Then  he consented. (16)  And when Jesus  had been baptized,  just as  he came up  from the water,  suddenly the heavens  were opened to him  and  he saw  the Spirit  of God  descending  like a dove  and  alighting on him. and was baptized  by  John in the Jordan. (10)  And just as  he was  coming out of the  water, he saw  the  heavens torn apart and  the Spirit descending  upon him  like a dove  on him; (11)  and a  voice  came  from  heaven and when  Jesus  also  had been baptized  and was praying, the heaven
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