Paul - Paul Born, Tarsus, ca 10 CE-Roman citizen...

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Paul Born, Tarsus, ca 10 CE--Roman citizen Educated--Greek language, Pharisee, Gamaliel (Acts 22:3) Zealous for Torah-- persecuted Christians before his conversion Converted ca. 34 CE Saul/Paul Spent ca. 30 years in Gentile mission Roman imprisonment ca 60 CE 50-62 wrote letters Sources--Paul’s letters/ Acts
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Pauline Corpus 13 letters Romans 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians -- Prison Philippians -- Prison Colossians -- Prison 1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy 2 Timothy Titus Philemon -- Prison
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Pauline Corpus (cont.) Undisputed Pauline Epistles (written by Paul) I Thessalonians 1 Corinthians 2Corinthians Galatians Philippians Philemon Deutoero-Pauline Epistles (Possibly pseudonymous) --Ephesians --Colossians --2 Thessalonians Pastoral Epistles (Possibly pseudonymous) --1 Timothy --2 Timothy --Titus
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Pauline Corpus--Authenticity For sure 1 Thessalonians Galatians Philippians -- Prison 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Romans Philemon -- Prison Less Sure 2 Thessalonians Colossians -- Prison Ephesians -- Prison Questioned Titus Hebrews? Others? 1 Cor 5:9; Col 4:16
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Ancient Letter Form (Personal) Opening Thanksgiving (often) Message Final Greeting Paul’s letters Greeting Thanksgiving Message Doctrinal/Indicative Imperative/Para- netical/ Exhortatory Closing Example: Philemon
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Philemon Greeting—vss 1-3 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our dear friend and coworker, to Apphia our sister, to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in your house. Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
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Philemon Thanksgiving—vss 4-7 When I remember you in my prayers, I always thank my God because I hear of your love for all the saints and your faith toward the Lord Jesus. I pray that the sharing of your faith may become effective when you perceive all the good that we may do for Christ. I have indeed received much joy and encouragement from your love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, my brother.
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Philemon Body—vss, 8-22 For this reason, though I am bold enough in Christ to command you to do your duty, yet I would rather appeal to you on the basis of love—and I, Paul, do this as an old man, and now also as a prisoner of Christ Jesus. I am appealing to you for my child, Onesimus, whose father I have become during my imprisonment. Formerly, he was useless to you, and to me. I am sending him, that is, my own heart, back to you. I wanted to keep him with me, so that he might be of service to me in your place during my imprisonment
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Philemon for the gospel; but I preferred to do nothing without your consent, in order that your good deed might be voluntary and not something forced. Perhaps this is the reason he was separated from you for a while, so that you might have him back forever,
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Paul - Paul Born, Tarsus, ca 10 CE-Roman citizen...

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