PSY - 305 - Research Paper - Alcoholism - 04-25-2016.doc - Running head ALCOHOLISM 1 Alcoholism Debra A Scales Liberty University ALCOHOLISM 2 Abstract

PSY - 305 - Research Paper - Alcoholism - 04-25-2016.doc -...

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Running head: ALCOHOLISM1AlcoholismDebra A. ScalesLiberty University
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ALCOHOLISM2AbstractThe focus of this research paper is to discuss the possible causes of alcohol addictions. What causes the individuals compulsive need for something? With all the risk factors and health complications of alcohol addiction, what keeps the individual enslaved to this addiction? This research will also discuss the prevalence of alcohol addiction in the United States and, for the purpose of this study, will focus on alcohol consumption conducted on four-year College campuses, as well as, prevalence of alcohol addiction in society. The potential treatments and treatment programs will also be discussed in this research in the importance of steering the individual on the path to recovery and preventions to avoid possible relapses. As the research concludes, the importance of securing a spiritual anchor is discussed and why it is crucial that theindividual has something that is significant in life to focus on that will reflect meaning and purpose.
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ALCOHOLISM3AlcoholismThe possible causes of an alcohol addiction vary to each individual and studies show that there are no single cause of alcohol addiction. According to psychologists, “Substance abuse disorders (SUDs) are now viewed as a common endpoint that reflects the influence of person-specific biological, psychological, and social factors (Doweiko, 2015, p. 359). This is known as the bio-psycho-social-spiritual model of addiction. They have been categorized as: biological causes, psychological causes, socio-cultural causes, and spiritual causes and are all inter-related. Possible Causes of Alcohol AddictionTo illustrate, biological causes of alcohol addiction make up the individuals’ physiology and genetics. Individuals vary in what they like or dislike in an addiction or activity. Some individuals are deficient in resisting certain impulses and this leads to a greater risk to a SUD because of genetic vulnerability. The psychological causes help to understand the alcohol addiction and why certain behaviors are repeated in the individual even though they are aware of how substance abuse effects the body. Alcohol use and abuse have a significant pathological effect on the brain, fetus, liver, heart, pancreas, and immune system (Montoya, 2013). Coping with unhealthy emotions, like high stress makes the individual more vulnerable to addiction. However, in order to change unhealthy behaviors motivation is critical and that comes by therapyand special techniques. With the socio-cultural causes, these are contributors of alcohol addiction. These are considered the learned behaviors of the value and beliefs of the group members. When the group tolerates a specific addition, it is accepted as a family social influence. Montoya (2013) states that it contributes to the social functions and used in moderation can have health benefits.
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