soc300quiz1 - Readings Stratification and the Functional...

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Readings: “Stratification and the Functional Requirements of Society” – Davis and Moore Summary: Society functions by placing individuals in certain positions and instilling the desire for the individuals to perform the duties entitled by the positions. Positions vary by the rewards induced by them, which gives rise to stratification. Inequality in society is what stratification essentially means. Stratification is inherent and is good because it places the right people in the right places. Therefore, every position has a function in society and benefits larger society. The rank of positions and the distribution of rewards are determined by certain factors. Also, the article gives examples of high positions such as priests, government authorities, and people who have ownership. Key Points: Functioning mechanism of society to instill motivation at two different levels: instill proper individuals the desire to fill certain positions and the desire to perform the duties attached to them A society must have some kind of rewards Positions receive different rewards – depends on: functional importance and scarcity of personnel Two factors that determine relative rank: which has the greatest importance for the society and require the greatest amount of training A position does is not a high position because it has a high income; it is because it is functionally important in society and there are few individuals to fill that position “Uses of the Underclass in America” – Gans Summary: Undeservingness is directly related to poverty. The undeserving poor serve a function in society – negative and positive. Due to the stratification, the function of poor people is beneficial for the rich. However, it is a negative for the poor because of the stereotypes the judgment entails. Gans includes five different sets of functions: microsocial, economic, normative-cultural, and marcosocial.
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