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all notes for quiz 1 - First Peoples in the Americas I....

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First Peoples in the America’s I. Ancient Americans A. Came across the Bering Strait between Russia and Alaska 1. Called ‘Beringia’ 2. ~15,000 years ago 3. Idea of multiple migrations movements into Americas i. Apache and Navajo languages came later than other Indians (7,000 years ago) B. Travel 1. Walked 2. Boat, canoe, etc. a. 1 st inhabitants of Australia came 40,000 years ago 3. Hard to find evidence of these people a. Sea level raised 360 ft. and Beringia submerged C. Beringia 1. Landscape was mountaineous, harsh weather, and cold 2. Large animals a. Mastodon b. Giant armadillo c. Woolly mammoth 3. People were small group hunters II. Paleo- Indians A. Ca. 15,000-10,000 years ago (8000 BC) B. Big game hunters 1. Forced to adapt to small game as big game died off C. Weapons 1. “Cloris” spear (11,000-10,000 y.a.) 2. Followed by Folsom point - smaller spear III. Archaic Indians A. Ca. 10,000-2500 y.a. (8000-1000 BC) B. More adaptive to environments C. Began building (mounds) to signify permanence and settling down D. Population of one million in Americas by end of Archaic E. Hunters-gatherers IV. LSU Indian Mounds A. Ca. 5000-6000 y.a. (4100-3300 BC) B. Monte Sano 1. Older mound (7000 years old) in LA but torn down C. Watson Brake (near Monroe) 1. About 5400 years old and in the shape of a circle D. Poverty Point 1. Ca. 3000-4000 y.a. (1700-700 BC)
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2. Largest mound is 600 feet on each side a. 3 million man hours to build b. Rings are 3-5 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide, and 50-60 yards apart 3. Successful community because of the surplus of fishing 4. Samuel Lockett discovered V. Meso-American agriculture A. About 5,000 years ago B. Significance 1. People went from gathering to planting and growing 2. Suggested people were civilizing and settling down C. 700-1200 AD: maize, beans, squash reach North America 1. Took time to get here because it took time to acclimate crops to different climates D. Problems 1. Weather conditions 2. Pests 3. Could create economic crises 4. Required a lot of work but not dependent on vagueness of hunting E. Other new arrivals were bow and arrows from the North VI. Ohio Valley Indians A. Adena 1. 2500-2100 y.a. (500-100 BC) 2. Later mound builders: for burial purposes 3. Possible human sacrifices B. Hopewell 1. 2100-1500 y.a. (100BC- 500 AD) 2. Ohio centered but had broader outreach VII. Mississippians A. Many located in SE B. Cahokians 1. Large city 1000 years ago outside of St. Louis 2. Woodhenge - tell time and seasons 3. Large because of nexus of agriculture, trade, fishing, and communication 4. Wooden stockade around mounds that was 2 miles in circumference and 12-15 feet tall 5. Around 1200, Cahokia and other civilizations collapsed for unknown reasons 6. Mounds with human sacrifice that showed hierarchy C. Anasazi 1. Mesa Verde in SE ……………………………………………………………………………………………
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Continental Contact - New World: the Americas - Old World: Europe, Asia, and Africa
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2008 for the course HIST 2055 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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all notes for quiz 1 - First Peoples in the Americas I....

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