Exam 1 Study Guide (Chp 1&2).docx - Exam 1 Study Guide Chapters 1 2 1 Criminal justice system the numerous public agencies involved in implementing

Exam 1 Study Guide (Chp 1&2).docx - Exam 1 Study Guide...

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Exam 1 Study Guide: Chapters 1 & 2 1. Criminal justice system- the numerous public agencies involved in implementing public policy concerning crime 2. THE MOST IMPORTANT ARE JUDGES, PROSECUTORS, AND ATTORNEYS 3. Unknown 4. Judges in state courts are by and large elected by the voters. Federal judges, on the other hand, are nominated by the president of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. 5. Unknown 6. Crime Control Model Due Process Model Key goal Repression of criminal conduct Respect for and protection of individual rights Focus Apprehend, convict, and punish offenders Protect the innocent/wrongfully accused; limit governmental power Values Expeditious processing of offenders to achieve justice for victims and society as a whole Dignity and autonomy of both the accused and the system are to be preserved Mood Certainty; focuses on factual guilt. Assumes someone Skepticism; focuses on legal guilt. Assumes that someone
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arrested and charged is probably guilty. Relies on informal, nonadjudicative fact finding—primarily by police and prosecutors is innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Relies on formal, adjudicative, adversarial fact- finding processes. Goal of courts Assembly-line justice: Process cases quickly and efficiently to promote finality of convictions Obstacle court justice: Presents numerous obstacles
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