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Psy 101-Feb 26 Language - Language Language Our spoken...

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Language 2-26-08 Language : Our spoken, written or gestured words and the way we combine them to communicate meaning Wernicke’s area: Broca’s area: Building blocks of language Phonemes : in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound -there are about 45 different phonemes (sounds) that make up the English language. Morphemes : in language, the smallest unit that carries meaning -May be a word of a part of a word (ex. A prefix) -undesirables has 4 morphemes -100,000 Grammar : a system of rules in a language that enables us to communicate w/ & understand others Semantics : the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, & sentence in a given language -also the study of meaning Syntax : the rule for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language Deep Structure vs. Surface structure Ex. The boy hit the ball. à The ball was hit by the boy. (Same deep structure, different surface structure) Ex. Bill to ban dancing on Mayor’ desk. à The mother of the boy & the girl will arrive at noon.
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