Language 2-26-08 Language : Our spoken, written or gestured words and the way we combine them to communicate meaning Wernicke’s area: Broca’s area: Building blocks of language Phonemes : in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound-there are about 45 different phonemes (sounds) that make up the English language. Morphemes : in language, the smallest unit that carries meaning-May be a word of a part of a word (ex. A prefix)-undesirables has 4 morphemes-100,000 Grammar Semantics : the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, & sentence in a given language-also the study of meaning Syntax : the rule for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language Deep Structure vs. Surface structure Ex. The boy hit the ball. à The ball was hit by the boy. (Same deep structure, different surface structure)
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