Sociology Notes 2

Sociology Notes 2 - Negative effect on Negative effect on...

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Unformatted text preview: Negative effect on Negative effect on Negative effect on Job Satisfaction No effect on Positive effect on Sociology Notes Section 2 Classifying Groups Small Groups and Formal Organizations 1. Size George Simmel (1800s) a. Dyads 2 members; group terminates if member leaves i. Couple -> divorce ii. Couples thinks having a baby will help relationship, but actually break up group because each party opps for attention of child -> 90% mother gets custody if they leave they still have dyad mother and child iii. Each person modifies behavior so as not to ruin relationship consciously and subconsciously b. Triads 3 or more members; alliances and group think possible i. Macro level; countries, labor ; bring in 3 rd party mediator (try to create 2 against 1 situation) c. As size increases i. Intimacy among members decreases ii. Anonymity among members increases 1. Social loafing 2. People usually work less hard in groups than they do as individuals iii. Intensity of interaction decreases 2. In-groups vs. Out-groups a. Us vs. Them b. We vs. They c. Groups gain and maintain cohesion and morale through conflict with other groups i. US, Soviet Union, The Cold War ii. Racism as a strategy used by some employers to avoid unionism (groups giving blood -> competition increases group solidarity) iii. Other group has to be legitimate threat 3. Membership Group vs. Reference Group a. Reference Group i. Boy Scouts vs. Aryan Brotherhood 4. Primary vs. Secondary Groups (Family Government) a. Small- Large b. Face-face - indirect i. Memo, email, text c. Intimate Impersonal d. Enduring Shirt Lived e. Diffuse Specific f. Whole Personalities- Over 90% of work is conducted in a bureaucratic form of organization- You are what you do- What do you do?- I work for IBM- Voluntary Association is in the middle of Primary and Secondary groups- Cryonics freezing people upon death o Further goals of movement Near perfect body preservation (198 centigrade) Camaraderie (emotional support) Prestige/status Bureaucracy form of organization which seeks to maximize human and non-human resources in achievement of some goal/end (economic, educational, and religious)- Bureaucratic principles are same - goals are different Characteristics/Components of a Bureaucracy 1. Division of Labor (automotive assembly line -> parts added as piece goes down conveyor belt) 2. Hierarchy of authority (usually pyramid, president on top) a. Traditional very deep/many levels with organizations that have been around a lot b. Newer flatter, fewer building blocks 3. Impersonality (military salutes uniform not the man rank important not the person)...
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Sociology Notes 2 - Negative effect on Negative effect on...

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