Chapter_6_Study_Guide_-_Gothic.doc - STUDY TERMS –...

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STUDY TERMS – CHAPTER 6 The Gothic & the Rebirth of Naturalism Use your notes from class, information from the textbook, and other instructional materials presented by your instructor to describe the terms on the list. Add as much detail as possible to the description to enhance your performance on the midterm exam. 1. Gothic – style of architecture and decoration that derived on June 11, 1144 by King Louis VII, and his queen, Eleanor of Aquitaine at the royal Abbey of Saint-Denis dedicating a new choir for the royal church. - Originally a derogatory term, adopted in sixteenth-century Italy to describe the art of Northern Europe, it was believed, Classical traditions had been destroyed by Germanic invaders (Goths) - later known as opus modernum (modern work) or opus francigenum (French work) 2. Gothic Cathedrals – began springing up rapidly in France - new standard of beauty in Western architecture and decoration - buttressing, stained glass, 3. Stained Glass - The purpose of the stained-glass programs in all Gothic cathedrals was to tell the stories of the Bible in a compelling way to an audience that was largely illiterate. - The windows were donated by the royal family, by the noblemen, and by merchant guilds - innovative engineering that marks Gothic architecture freed the walls to contain glass 4. Pointed Arch – possess structural properties that contribute significantly to the Gothic style - can reach greater height than a rounded arch by reducing outward thrust - allows larger windows and lighter buttresses 5. Flying Buttress - huge stone prop that pushes in against the walls with the same force with which the vaults push out. - the thrust of the vaulted ceilings still comes down the piers and walls, but also moves down the arms of the flying buttresses, down the buttresses themselves, and into the ground - help to spread the weight of the vaults over more supporting stone, allowing the walls to be thinner while still supporting as much weight as earlier, thicker walls. - crease a stunning visual spectacle, arching wing like from the building’s side as if defying gravity.
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6. Jamb Statues / Gothic Sculpture - In a little over a hundred years, Gothic sculptors had begun to
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