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study guide#2 - 1 History of Art 41 Introduction to Greek...

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WEEK 6— SELF-REPRESENTATION Notes: Much of Roman public art draws heavily on Greek styles—both Classical and Hellenistic Art connoisseurs thought of Roman art as the last chapter of Greek art history Brings diverse elements together to produce something entirely new— with an extremely strong message-bearing potential Early Rome and the Republic: Rome was allegedly founded in the region near the Tibet river From the 8 th to the 6 th centuries BCE, Rome expanded under a series of kings Next, the Etruscan kings took over Next, the Roman elite established the Republic, with an unwritten constiution Rome gradually took control of the Italian peninsula The late republic was in turmoil (Julius Caesar) History recognizes Mark Antony as the first Roman emperor. Designs of architecture and sculpture were influenced by conquests abroad and the development of new building technologies in Rome Architecture: The Concrete Revolution Roman architects combined the rectilinear forms of Greek architecture with the curved form of the arch Arches might be free-standing, monuments in their own rights, or applied to building (often to frame an entrance) The development of concrete was a catalyst for the most dramatic changes in Roman architecture Sculpture Relief sculpture: Often commemorated specific events (historical reliefs) Portrait sculpture: People of Rome honored successful political or military figures by putting their statues on public display in the heart of the city Most represent men at an advanced age Wrinkles cover their faces, etching deep crags into their cheeks and brows Distinguishing marks—like warts, a hooked nose, or a receding hairline—are played up rather than smoothed over Veristic However, each culture constructs its own ideals Romans valued responsibility and experience—therefore
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this type of image conveyed the requisite qualities for winning political votes The Early Empire The last century of the Republic witnessed a gradual breakdown of order in Rome The emperor and his family became the principal patrons of public art and architecture in Rome Often, these public monuments stressed the legitimacy of the imperial family. Portrait Sculpture 1) KEY WORKS: AUGUSTAN AGE , EARLY EMPIRE [1 st c. CE] Ara Pacis , Rome , 13-9 BCE. The Republican practice of commissioning narrative reliefs to record specific events continued well into the Empire They were mounted on public buildings and monuments The Senate and the People of Rome vowed the altar on the occasion of Augustus’ safe return from Spain and Gaul, and it was dedicated in 9 BCE. It stood inside a marble enclosure, which was open to the sky and richly sculpted over its entire surface On East and West sides, flanking 2 entrances, relief panels represent allegorical figure, or personifications, and figures from Rome’s legendary past
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2008 for the course AHIS 120g taught by Professor Malone during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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study guide#2 - 1 History of Art 41 Introduction to Greek...

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