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LESSON 15- CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH Cardiovascular Disease Statistics -Leading cause of death -Claims a life every 35 seconds = 2,500 American’s per day -Heart attacks is the number one killer for American women -People under the age of 65 are at risk What causes Cardio Vascular Disease? -Unhealthy diets, overweight, sedentary, smoking, stress, HBP or High Cholesterol levels Blood lipids - fats found in the blood such as cholesterol and triglycerides, these fats are also carried in the bloodstream as HDL’s, (High density Lipoprotein) LDL’s (Low Density Lipoproteins), and (VDL’s) Very Low density Lipoproteins. Heart attack -A.K.A Myocardial Infarction - Signs not known until 75% of arteries are blocked, in many cases death can occur. Examples of CVD : Coronary Heart Disease -Condition in which arteries of the heart are narrowed by the fatty deposits from cholesterol and triglycerides therefore reducing blood supply to the heart muscle. -Single leading cause of death -Caused from having high cholesterol and high LDL cholesterol Risk factors for CHD which are manageable : unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, smoking, high body mass, hypertension, diabetes, tension and stress
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Risk factors that cannot be changed or managed: Age, Family history of heart disease, abnormal heart function and personal history of heart disease.
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