Review_Guide1 - Prelim1ReviewGuide Whilestudying, 1...

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Prelim 1 Review Guide While studying, remember that this course will synthesize and build on 6 major concepts : 1. Study of life [what criteria defines life] 2. 3. Hierarchical structures [comparing Holism to Reductionism] 4. Generality vs Idiosyncrasy 5. Structure & function of systems 6. Edge effect [not really addressed on this exam] Remember that lecture ppt slides and transcriptions of lecture notes are available on the course web site. Lecture materials, plus your textbook will help you to answer the following……. ________________________________________________________________________ Concept and definition questions to help you study : 1. What were the six characteristics of living things presented in lecture? Structural Hierarchy, Metabolism, Responsiveness, Reproduction, Development, Evolve 2. Life is said to follow a natural hierarchy. Three different types of hierarchies have been discussed in class [Structural, Systematic, and Functional]. Define each of these and be able to identify when each type is being applied. Example 1: see the 9/5/06 ppt clicker question given at the beginning of lecture. Example 2: Studying the relationships between the producers and consumers composing a food web be an example of which of the three types of hierarchies discussed in lecture? Structural – Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere Systematic – Classification and naming of organisms Functional – Sorting organisms on a functional level (ecosystem) 3. Which of the following best describes the proper sequence of steps involved in the scientific method? (A) state a hypothesis (D) support or disprove hypothesis (B) observe (E) form a prediction (C) experiment a. B, A, D, E, C b. A, B, C, D, E c. B, A, E, C, D d. A, B, C, E, D e. E, B, A, C, D 4. What is the definition of deductive reasoning? What is the definition of Inductive reasoning? Be able to identify when each type of reasoning is being used. Reaching a conclusion based on observations – discovery science 5. Each of the following terms is related to the scientific process. Match each to its description for the following five questions. (a) Hypothesis (b) scientific method (c) theory (d) controlled experiment (e) inductive reasoning A possible explanation to a proposed problem. A 1
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Making a generalization from knowledge gained from specific cases. E A hypothesis that has been repeatedly tested and never rejected. C The process of testing ideas and gaining information about the natural world. B When testing a prediction, accounts for all possible variables except the variable being tested. D
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2008 for the course BIO G 109 taught by Professor Winkler,d. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.

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Review_Guide1 - Prelim1ReviewGuide Whilestudying, 1...

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