Prelim 1 Review Guide
While studying, remember that this course will synthesize and build on 6 major concepts
Study of life [what criteria defines life]
Hierarchical structures [comparing Holism to Reductionism]
Generality vs Idiosyncrasy
Structure & function of systems
Edge effect [not really addressed on this exam]
Remember that lecture ppt slides and transcriptions of lecture notes are available on the course
Lecture materials, plus your textbook will help you to answer the following…….
Concept and definition questions to help you study
What were the six characteristics of living things presented in lecture?
Structural Hierarchy, Metabolism, Responsiveness, Reproduction, Development,
Life is said to follow a natural hierarchy.
Three different types of hierarchies have been
discussed in class [Structural, Systematic, and Functional].
Define each of these and be
able to identify when each type is being applied.
Example 1: see the 9/5/06 ppt clicker
question given at the beginning of lecture.
Example 2: Studying the relationships
between the producers and consumers composing a food web be an example of which of
the three types of hierarchies discussed in lecture?
Structural – Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,
organism, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere
Systematic – Classification and naming of organisms
Functional – Sorting organisms on a functional level (ecosystem)
Which of the following best describes the proper sequence of steps involved in the
(A) state a hypothesis
(D) support or disprove hypothesis
(E) form a prediction
B, A, D, E, C
A, B, C, D, E
B, A, E, C, D
A, B, C, E, D
E, B, A, C, D
What is the definition of deductive reasoning? What is the definition of Inductive
Be able to identify when each type of reasoning is being used.
Reaching a conclusion based on observations – discovery science
Each of the following terms is related to the scientific process.
Match each to its
description for the following five
(b) scientific method
(d) controlled experiment
(e) inductive reasoning
A possible explanation to a proposed problem.