Chp. 30ThemesSocial: Development and transformation of social structures-Gender roles and relations-Family and kinship-Racial and ethnic constructions-Social and economic classesLatin America (Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil)Patriarchal society but women demonstrated able to handle and be an influence on government positions.(Mexico) Wealth determined social status and was widely divided.-Traditional modern technological roles (men in factories while women werefocused more on agriculture and home life-Class of businessmen was wealthier.-After independence equality in the society was more demonstrated(Argentina) – and Brazil both demanded share in government -Consisted many Italian and Spanish immigrants in middle class and each class were poor-In both societies, after social reforms, middle classes started to gain more ground.(Brazil)- large class of sharecroppers, plantation workers, and slavesAfrica Women played a large role in retail trades and markets.-Maintained economic independence-Focused on home life and financials as wellMigration damaged family life and raised segregation.Signs separation of men and women seen in jobs (patriarchal society)India All classes including the peasants lived a wealthy life peacefully with the government New class of English speaking government bureaucrats and merchants played leading role in independence movement.Muslims and Indians were treated differently with Muslims lower. Living conditions didn’t improve Political: State-building, expansion, and conflict-Political structures and forms of governance-Empires-Nation and nationalism-Revolts and revolutions-Regional, trans-regional, and global structures/organizationsLatin America (Mexico) Power was determined by wealth.-Many upheavals because of lack of industrialization and the unfairorder they had in the society and their corrupted government Social revolution led by series of leaders who rose from regional and peasant origins.