Core Sociological Concepts for Exam 1

Core Sociological Concepts for Exam 1 - Core Sociological...

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Core Sociological Concepts for Exam 1 DSoc 101, Fall, 2006 Version 2.0 Power: the ability to get one’s way despite the opposition of others. - works and doesn’t work (US in Iraq) - GM’s power in movie - Affects ways cities are built and government runs - Ruling class – get means achieved by changing what others want - Media has power Ideology: a connected set of strongly held beliefs based on a few abstract ideas, used to guide one’s reactions to external events. - eg Christian fundamentalism - Connected set of strongly held beliefs… - Political ideology used to decide how society ought to be run - Society requires ideology - Christmas in the trenches Science: knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific method. - general truths, has to be tested - Knowledge covering general truths… - Based on general laws Sociological imagination: the intersection of biography (individual lives) and society (social structure) - C Wright Mills (spark of ideology) - Connecting individuals to society - Marriage, Unemployment – trouble vs issues - Composed of idealism vs realism Ruling class/ruling ideas – because the ruling class owns the means of material production, it also owns the means of mental production, and hence the ideology of society reflects the social position and intellectual outlook of the ruling class. - elite people own means of thought, influence behavior - Material production = mental production, regulate distribution of ideas - Marx reading Idealism: theory which affirms that mind, or the spiritual and ideal, is of central importance in reality. -
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2008 for the course D SOC 101 taught by Professor Hirschl,t. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Core Sociological Concepts for Exam 1 - Core Sociological...

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