Final_Review_Guide

Final_Review_Guide - Final Exam Review Guide The Final Exam...

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Final Exam Review Guide The Final Exam for BioG110 is worth 180 points. Coverage for the final exam will include information covered throughout the semester in both lecture and lab. The best way to prepare for this exam is to use this review guide to help facilitate your review of all the lecture questions Randy has posted for each lecture throughout the semester – the guide will help you to discern which questions summarize the main concepts . I have written this review guide to help you to focus on the important material/questions that we would like you to understand and take with you when you leave this course. The last part of the review guide will give you a list of concepts and thought provoking questions to help you to discern some of the important concepts we would like you to take away from your lab experiences during BioG110. 1. I will attempt to organize concepts chronologically………. 2. I will create a list of people you should know and remember why they were important to science. Good luck with all your finals & have a wonderful summer!! 1. Life on Earth is composed of Carbon based organic molecules [recall organic molecules includes Lipids, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids] – where did the carbon, oxygen and nitrogen found in our organic molecules come from? 2. What is the function of the following cellular structures: endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, vacuole, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, plasma membrane 3. What is produced during the light reactions of photosynthesis? What are the main events/benefits that occur during the light-independent [Calvin- Benson cycle] of photosynthesis? 4. Why are enzymes important to metabolic pathways? What occurs (in general) if you have an enzymatic deficiency [as an example, think about people how are lactose intolerant because they lack the enzyme lactase]. 1
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5. What is so important about the formula [hint: how does this reaction influence life?: CO 2 + H 2 O à H 2 CO 3 à H + + HCO 3 - 6. Know where each of the following organic compounds is digested in the human (also think about where each begins digestion & finishes digestion) – carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins. 7. Enzymes produced in the pancreas aid in the digestion of which organic molecules? 8. What hormone [chemical messenger] causes pancreas to release its pancreatic juices into the duodenum of the small intestine? 9. What is scurvy and what vitamin prevents this condition? 10. Stimulation via the parasympathetic nervous system would cause the formation of, and secretion of digestive enzymes from cellular organelles in the following order ____?____ à _Golgi apparatus_ à _____?____ 11. What is the basic design function of villi and microvilli? 12. What influence does nitric oxide have on tumescence in the penis and clitoris?
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