2.%20The%20Great%20War

2.%20The%20Great%20War - The Great War 1914-1918 Britain on...

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Unformatted text preview: The Great War 1914-1918 Britain on Eve of War Isolation after fiasco of Crimean War Boer war revealed weakness of citizen Domestic tensions Move toward alliance with France and Russia Cardinal rule of British foreign policy no power should dominate Europe Significance Caused the collapse of three European nations: Germany, Austria, Russia + Ottoman Empire Destroyed European wealth - ended European hegemony Led to decolonization Brought U.S. to a world power - before ready Transformed home front: ends domesticity Led to World War II Cost in Human Lives* Non- Europeans Who fought, who died: 62,056 Indians, 59,300 Australians, 56,639 Canadians, 16,711 New Zealanders, 7,121 South Africans, 2000 East Africans, 850 West Africans. In all 2/1/2 million colonials. Northern, but not southern Ireland. French used Algerians; other countries used what resources they had. Empire in World War I Sikh dispatch riders with their bicycles during the Battle of the Somme in France in July 1916. British casualties on first day numbered 60,000. Ugandan Color Guard Causes of World War I External Breaking up of Ottoman Empire Unification of Germany Complicated secret alliances Triple Alliance Germany, Austria, (Italy) Triple Entente Britain France, Russia, ( Italy) Naval race Military Timetables Schlieffen Plan Personalities Kaiser Wilhelm Bismarck to Kaiser Wilhelm Son of Prussian Hollerzollern and daughter of Queen Victoria Came to throne age 29, half educated Reaction against mother, glorification of grandfather Insecure: ego, foot-in-mouth, bombastic rhetoric. Kaiser Wilhelm II (1888-1918 Felt betrayed: To think that George and Nicky should have played me false. If my grandmother had been alive she would never have allowed it. Ideological Causes...
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2008 for the course HIST 2123 taught by Professor Christensen during the Fall '08 term at Colorado.

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2.%20The%20Great%20War - The Great War 1914-1918 Britain on...

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