3-1.%20Inter-War%20Years

3-1.%20Inter-War%20Years - Inter-War Years 1918-1939 Peace...

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Inter-War Years 1918-1939
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Peace of Paris
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End of Formal Hostilities 1918 Germany surrendered Mutiny at Kiel Hardship due to blockade Expected tone of peace to resemble Wilson’s conciliatory Fourteen Points Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated Ottoman Empire dismantled Austria reduced in size
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The Peace: No Leniency Psychological hostilities British blockade continued from armistice Nov 1918 to late June 1919 Only victors allowed to participate Clemenceau: "Home Policy? I wage war. Foreign policy? I wage war.” Still waging war. Woodrow Wilson – did not struggle for his Fourteen Points
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David Lloyd George (1863-1945) Not as cynical and vengeful as Clemenceau Not as visionary or idealistic as Wilson. Quick, sharp and pragmatic with reputation for trickery.
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Peace of Paris Five separate treaties Italy - Wilson refused to honor Treaty of London because a secret treaty Colonies ‘promised’ independence disappointed at policy of mandates Divided Middle East between England France India hoped for greater autonomy/independence Dictated peace – neither Germany nor Russia invited
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Versailles Treaty 1919 Return to France Alsace and Lorraine Saar coal industry to be a French asset for fifteen years Permitted only a tiny army (one-thirtieth of former size while allies allow army one- third of size); loss of most of the navy, prohibited from developing an air force. Made to assume guilt for causing the war
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Reparations - unthinkable 33 billion Loss of all colonies Goal turn Germany (and Austria) into a second class power. Weakened tenuous liberal and democratic Weimar government, and sowed the seeds for World War II. Too severe in spiteful details, and too weak
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3-1.%20Inter-War%20Years - Inter-War Years 1918-1939 Peace...

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