3.%20English%20Society

3.%20English%20Society - English Society Eve of Industrial...

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English Society Eve of Industrial Revolution
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The Wealth Highly inegalitarian – rise of gentry over past several centuries: ¼ of the total income in England went to 3.5 % of the families Relatively little class consciousness – loyalty was to community not to class Statistician Gregory King – 1702-1714
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Aristocracy 160 noblemen Average income of £3200 per year; 26 bishops income ranging from £200 to £6000 Great country houses Servants, art and furniture, Spent the season in London and wager larger sums at the gaming tables.
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The Gentry Incomes ranging from £2000 to £200, average £354 16,400 baronets, knights, esquires, gentlemen Business – selling grain, buying livestock Leisure – hunting, shooting, drinking Shared values of aristocracy Prestige from landed estates Right to govern based on property Intermarriage w wealthy commercial families
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Remained Landed Interests Status land conferred status and ability to govern Survival - worked the land Applied newest science to farming – crop- rotation Consolidating scattered strips and enclosing Tariff protection for grain growers
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2008 for the course HIST 2123 taught by Professor Christensen during the Fall '08 term at Colorado.

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3.%20English%20Society - English Society Eve of Industrial...

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