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Unformatted text preview: ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes CHAPTER 6 Mehinaku: Brazilian Amazon horticulturalists o Anxiety dreams about encroaching Brazilians Psychological anthropology: learning, perception, cognition, memory, intelligence Personality: persons patterned and characteristic way of behaving, thinking and feeling Culture and Personality Enculturation/socialization: process of transmitting culture to infants and other new members of society Culture and personality school: America 30s-70s o Boas, Sapir Personality and Child Rearing Mead in Sepik River New Guinea o Sex and temperament in 3 primitive societies Culture, not nature, determines sex roles Arapesh (both female), Mundugumor (both male), Tchambuli (reverse) Cultural Patterns and National Character Benedict: Patterns of Culture, selection of few traits o Pueblo Indians Apollonian, Kwak and Diosynian Landes: over-simplification of Ojibwa y Cultural configuration: cohesive patterns of interwoven traits National character studies: define basic personality types and core values of nations o Ethnocentric to West o Reductionist (one 1 or 2 features) o Totalizing (obscure variation) Ojibway: must place ethnographies in historical context Class Position and Personality Image of the limited good (Foster): world view that resources/wealth available within a social group are finite o One persons gain is anothers loss o Jealousy, suspicion, passivity Culture of poverty (Lewis): lacking future time orientation, sexually promiscuous, traps poor o Both rejected as ethnocentric to Americas aggressive individualism Personality Formation During Infancy Birth Maya Lack of infant bonding in Western hospitals Baby Friendly Initiative Hughes: Brazil in Bom Jesus, bonding happens later in high mortality places Sleeping Patterns McKenna: advantage of close-contact arrangements o Basque in Spain: kids sleep with their mothers have more ego strength and connectedness Gender and Infancy Traits looked for in infants (aggressiveness, social, independence) Socialization during Childhood Modes of Production and Child Personality Six cultures study o Nurturant-responsible vs. dependent-dominant o Group A cultures (Kenya, Mexico): more nurturant responsible, horticulture and other less-intense production...children support family o Group B cultures (Japan, USA): more dependent-dominant kids, intense agriculture/industry, kids have fewer tasks Narcissist: constantly seeking self-attention and affirmation Informal Learning Daycare kids: head-start in school, better communicators, math skills Toys: pets, hunting o Yanomani boys learn to hunt o Media Formal Schooling Mali only 25% go Hard for poor girls: tracking into domestic roles (Malawi) Girl Zionist-Orthodox boarding schools in Israel Adolescence and Identity Puberty: universal biological process Adolescence: culturally defined period of maturation...
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2008 for the course ANTH 202 taught by Professor Olofsson during the Fall '08 term at McGill.
- Fall '08