ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes

ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes - ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes CHAPTER...

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Unformatted text preview: ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes CHAPTER 6 • Mehinaku: Brazilian Amazon horticulturalists o Anxiety dreams about encroaching Brazilians • Psychological anthropology: learning, perception, cognition, memory, intelligence • Personality: person’s patterned and characteristic way of behaving, thinking and feeling Culture and Personality • Enculturation/socialization: process of transmitting culture to infants and other new members of society • Culture and personality school: America 30’s-70’s o Boas, Sapir Personality and Child Rearing • Mead in Sepik River New Guinea o Sex and temperament in 3 primitive societies • Culture, not nature, determines sex roles • Arapesh (both “female), Mundugumor (both “male), Tchambuli (reverse) Cultural Patterns and National Character • Benedict: Patterns of Culture, selection of few traits o Pueblo Indians Apollonian, Kwak and Diosynian • Landes: over-simplification of Ojibwa y • Cultural configuration: cohesive patterns of interwoven traits • National character studies: define basic personality types and core values of nations o Ethnocentric to West o Reductionist (one 1 or 2 features) o Totalizing (obscure variation) • Ojibway: must place ethnographies in historical context Class Position and Personality • Image of the limited good (Foster): world view that resources/wealth available within a social group are finite o One person’s gain is another’s loss o Jealousy, suspicion, passivity • Culture of poverty (Lewis): lacking future time orientation, sexually promiscuous, traps poor o Both rejected as ethnocentric to America’s aggressive individualism Personality Formation During Infancy Birth • Maya • Lack of infant bonding in Western hospitals • Baby Friendly Initiative • Hughes: Brazil in Bom Jesus, bonding happens later in high mortality places Sleeping Patterns • McKenna: advantage of close-contact arrangements o Basque in Spain: kids sleep with their mothers have more ego strength and connectedness Gender and Infancy • Traits looked for in infants (aggressiveness, social, independence) Socialization during Childhood Modes of Production and Child Personality • “Six cultures study” o “Nurturant-responsible” vs. “dependent-dominant” o Group A cultures (Kenya, Mexico): more nurturant –responsible, horticulture and other less-intense production...children support family o Group B cultures (Japan, USA): more dependent-dominant kids, intense agriculture/industry, kids have fewer tasks • Narcissist: constantly seeking self-attention and affirmation Informal Learning • Daycare kids: head-start in school, better communicators, math skills • Toys: pets, hunting o Yanomani boys learn to hunt o Media Formal Schooling • Mali only 25% go • Hard for poor girls: tracking into domestic roles (Malawi) • Girl Zionist-Orthodox boarding schools in Israel Adolescence and Identity • Puberty: universal biological process • Adolescence: culturally defined period of maturation...
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ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes - ANTH 202 Midterm 2 Notes CHAPTER...

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