Patterson Chapter 13

Patterson Chapter 13 - Patterson Chapter 13 Bureaucracy is...

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Patterson Chapter 13 Bureaucracy is an inevitable consequence of complexity and scale. Modern government could not function without large bureaucracy. Through authority, specialization, and rules, bureaucracy provides a means of managing thousands of tasks and employees. The bureaucracy is expected simultaneously to respond to the direction of partisan officials to administer programs fairly and competently. These conflicting demands are addressed through a combination of personnel management systems—the patronage, merit and executive leadership systems. Bureaucrats naturally take an “agency point of view.” They seek to promote their agency’s programs and power. They do this through their expert knowledge support from clientele groups, and by backing Congress or the president. Although agencies are subject to oversight by the president, Congress, and the judiciary, bureaucrats are able to exercise power in their own right. Bureaucracy - a system of organization and control that is based on three principles: hierarchical authority, job specialization, and formalized rules Hierarchical authority- A chain of command whereby the officials and units at the top of a bureaucracy have authority over those in the middle, who in turn control those at the bottom. Job specialization- the responsibilities of each job position are explicitly defined, and there is a precise division of labor within the organization. Formalized rules - the standardized procedures and established regulations by which a bureaucracy conducts its operations. The above features are the reasons why bureaucracy, as a form of organization, is the most efficient means of getting people to work together on tasks of great magnitude. The federal bureaucracy performs a wide range of functions; for example, it delivers the daily mail, maintains the national forests, administers social security, enforces environmental protection laws, develops the country’s defense systems, provides
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Patterson Chapter 13 - Patterson Chapter 13 Bureaucracy is...

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