Patterson Chapter 16

Patterson Chapter 16 - Patterson Chapter 16 Poverty is a...

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Patterson Chapter 16 Poverty is a large and persistent problem in America, deeply affecting about one in seven Americans, including many of the country’s most vulnerable-children, female-headed families, and minority group members. Social welfare programs have reduced the extent of poverty in the United States Welfare policy has been a partisan issue, with Democrats taking the lead on government programs to alleviate economic insecurity and republicans acting to slow down or reverse these initiatives. Social welfare programs are designed to reward and foster self-reliance or, when this is not possible, to provide benefits only to those individuals who are truly in need. US welfare policy is not based on the assumption that every citizen has a right to material security. Americans favor social insurance programs (such as social security) over public assistance programs (such as food stamps). As a result, most social welfare expenditures are not targeted toward the nation’s neediest citizens. A prevailing principle in the US is equality of opportunity, which in terms of policy is most evident in the area of public education. America invests heavily in its public schools and colleges. In the broadest sense, social welfare policy includes any effort by government to improve social conditions. In a narrower sense, social welfare policy refers to government programs that help individuals meet basic human needs, including food, clothing, and shelter. Poverty Line- the annual cost of a thrifty food budget for an urban family of four, multiplied by three to include the cost of housing, clothes and other necessities. Most poor children live in single-parent families, usually with the mother. In fact, a high proportion of Americans residing in families headed by divorce, separated, or unmarried women live below the poverty line. These families are at a disadvantage because most women earn less than men for comparable work, especially in nonprofessional fields. Women without higher education or special skills often cannot find jobs that pay
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2008 for the course POLI 100 taught by Professor Rabinowitz during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Patterson Chapter 16 - Patterson Chapter 16 Poverty is a...

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