review - class notes - Review Prelim 1 Class Notes...

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Unformatted text preview: Review Prelim 1 Class Notes Dimensions of Psychological Spaces on the Internet Synchronicity o Online simultaneously o Exchange messages in real time Persistence o Degree to which information in the space remains o Evanescence: fading o Recordlessness: goes away Anonymity o Degree to which space reveals participant identity o Visibility: see the other person o Audibility: hear the other person o Self-expression: what you choose to project Online Impression Formation Social categories o Gender/age/race usually physically manifest and visually salient, processed immediately o Social types Job/role, hobbies, political affiliation Personality categories o Warm vs. cold o Big 5 Openness willing to try new things Conscientiousness empathy, responsible Extraversion outgoing, gregarious, assertive Agreeableness compliant, trustful, modest Neuroticism anxious, self-conscious State assessment o In-the-moment o Nervous? Happy? In control? Theoretical perspectives o CFO Social Presence Theory Greater bandwidth allows for more cues o Nonverbal cues make communicators more salient to each other in FtF o Greater bandwidth greater social presence o Hypothesis: CMC leads to decreased social presence and impoverished impression formation Reduced Social Context Cues Lack of nonverbal cues to express purpose, decorum, status, affect in CMC Leads to focus on task and self, hostile and disinhibited behavior due to decreased awareness of others Hypothesis: CMC leads to poorly developed image of others, sometimes negative o Cues Filtered In Social Information Processing Theory Rejected idea that absence of nonverbal cues restricts social information Simply slows down rate of information processing Cues are adapted into the verbal channel, typed and read Therefore, information transmissions takes longer in CMC Hypothesis: impression formation develops more slowly in CMC Hyperpersonal Model Overattribution: exaggerated models of CMC partner, idealization Developmental: stronger impressions formed over time Selective self-presentation: control over how you seem to the world Re-allocation of cognitive resources: put social cues into text Behavioral confirmation: as impressions are formed, treat online partners in a certain way which their subsequent behavior confirms Hypothesis: after initial interaction, smaller breadth rate CMC partner on fewer characteristics, but bigger intensity rate CMC partner more intensely/exaggerated o Fundamental attribution error: we believe others negative behavior reflects personality flaws, but our own negative behavior is attributed to outside, environmental sources Impression Management Goffman and Jung: ideal self, ought self, actual self, true self Context, audience, interaction space determine which parts of our selves get presented Self-Presentation Tactics...
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review - class notes - Review Prelim 1 Class Notes...

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