review - class notes

review - class notes - Review – Prelim 1 – Class Notes...

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Unformatted text preview: Review – Prelim 1 – Class Notes Dimensions of Psychological Spaces on the Internet • Synchronicity o Online simultaneously o Exchange messages in real time • Persistence o Degree to which information in the space remains o Evanescence: fading o Recordlessness: goes away • Anonymity o Degree to which space reveals participant identity o Visibility: see the other person o Audibility: hear the other person o Self-expression: what you choose to project Online Impression Formation • Social categories o Gender/age/race – usually physically manifest and visually salient, processed immediately o Social types Job/role, hobbies, political affiliation • Personality categories o Warm vs. cold o “Big 5” Openness – willing to try new things Conscientiousness – empathy, responsible Extraversion – outgoing, gregarious, assertive Agreeableness – compliant, trustful, modest Neuroticism – anxious, self-conscious • State assessment o In-the-moment o Nervous? Happy? In control? • Theoretical perspectives o CFO Social Presence Theory • Greater bandwidth allows for more cues o Nonverbal cues make communicators more salient to each other in FtF o Greater bandwidth greater social presence o Hypothesis: CMC leads to decreased social presence and impoverished impression formation Reduced Social Context Cues • Lack of nonverbal cues to express purpose, decorum, status, affect in CMC • Leads to focus on task and self, hostile and disinhibited behavior due to decreased awareness of others • Hypothesis: CMC leads to poorly developed image of others, sometimes negative o Cues Filtered In Social Information Processing Theory • Rejected idea that absence of nonverbal cues restricts social information • Simply slows down rate of information processing • Cues are adapted into the verbal channel, typed and read • Therefore, information transmissions takes longer in CMC • Hypothesis: impression formation develops more slowly in CMC Hyperpersonal Model • Overattribution: exaggerated models of CMC partner, idealization • Developmental: stronger impressions formed over time • Selective self-presentation: control over how you seem to the world • Re-allocation of cognitive resources: put social cues into text • Behavioral confirmation: as impressions are formed, treat online partners in a certain way which their subsequent behavior confirms • Hypothesis: after initial interaction, smaller breadth – rate CMC partner on fewer characteristics, but bigger intensity – rate CMC partner more intensely/exaggerated o Fundamental attribution error: we believe others’ negative behavior reflects personality flaws, but our own negative behavior is attributed to outside, environmental sources Impression Management • Goffman and Jung: ideal self, ought self, actual self, true self • Context, audience, interaction space determine which parts of our selves get presented • Self-Presentation Tactics...
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review - class notes - Review – Prelim 1 – Class Notes...

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