Unformatted text preview: Conquest of Mexico Conquest of Mexico
Early Encounters Objectives Objectives Listen to multiple voices and read different texts about the encounters between Mesoamerican peoples and Spaniards Place the story of the Spanish invasions of Mexico in the wider drama of early modern globalization Themes Themes Iberian and Mesoamerican statebuilding Spanish imperial ambitions in the Americas
– From the Caribbean to the Mexican mainland – Gradual formation of New Spain – Institutions of early colonial governance Language: interpreters and cultural brokers Religion and warfare Comparative Chronology Comparative Chronology
(1428) Triple Alliance Mesoamerica (1469) Ferdinand and Isabella unite Castille and Aragón (1492) First Columbus voyage (1493) Settlement of Hispaniola (1494) Tordesillas Treaty, and founding of Santo Domingo (1500) Cabral lands on Brazilian coast Iberia (14401468) Moctezuma I (1470) Mexica become dominant power of central Mexico (1487) Dedication of Templo Mayor (15021520) Moctezuma II Comparative Chronology Comparative Chronology
15091510 Comet appears over Valley of Mexico; drought and hunger 1517 Hernández de Córdoba sails from Cuba to Yucatán 1518 Juan de Grijalva leads second expedition to Yucatán 1519 Cortés arrives in Yucatán; defeats Tabascan warriors; Malinaltzin joins Cortés Founding of Veracruz and town council Tlaxcalan allies join Cortés Massacre at Cholula Iberia and Caribbean
150209 Nicolás de Ovando governor of Hispaniola 1508 conquest of Puerto Rico 1509 Spanish expeditions to Jamaica and Venezuelan coast 1511 Audiencia of Santo Domingo; first Spanish town on mainland at Darién; conquest of Cuba begins. 1512 Laws of Burgos: first attempt to regulate spanish use of labor. Legislation created by the crown – treatment of Indian peoples. 1514 Bartolomé de las Casas renounces his encomienda 1516 Charles I Hapsburg King of Spain: Cortez extending Spanish into Mexiico. The Mexica World
CulhuaMexica Tributary Empire Codex Mendoza: large document produced after conquest. 3 chapters: Function of tribe, Administration/tribute, Daily life. Shows how warriors gained honor by capturing captives. Altepetl, “hill and water”= citystate, necessary elements for town life. Water, land, and hills that joined heaven and earth. Calpulli, “big house,” = barrio or common landholding unit Gendered education of youth: justice, education, all that jazz. Fishing and hunting were important. Agriculture by men and women. Tlacuilo, scribe, priest, historian, pintor: wrote the codices. Tenochtitlan Malintzin Tenochtitlan Malintzin
Sacred time and space Rulers: tlatoque Symbolism of water Calendrical framework Interpreter and translator Noblewoman and slave Mistress, wife, and mother Ce Acatl “One Reed” 1519 Ce Acatl “One Reed” 1519
February March June September October Cortés leads fleet from Cuba to Yucatán Founding of town council in Vera Cruz Malinche joins Cortés in Tabasco Cortés and his forces arrive in Cempoala Battles with otomís and tlaxcaltecos, alliance with Xicoténcatl in Tlaxcala Massacre at Cholula: act of deliberate brutality or egged on by tlaxcaltecos. Two symbols of power: reed mat and Born in Coatzacoalcos in a noble Nahua household Ceded in tribute to Mayas. Became fluent in Maya and Nahuatl Given to Cortes in 1519. Malinche served as interpreter Malintzin, Malinche, Dona Malintzin, Malinche, Dona Marina (15021529) Mistress to Hernan Cortes, gave birth to Martin Cortes Married to Juan Jaramillo. Gave birth to daugher Maria Died, 1529, smallpox epidemic. Divisions within Spanish Divisions within Spanish and Mesoamerican Forces Diego de Velázquez, Governor of Cuba Pánfilo de Narváez, rivaled Cortés, defeated in Veracruz Hernán Cortés Motecuhzoma, tlatoani of Tenochtitlan Xicoténcatl and Tlaxcalan warriors Texcoco, rival city state in Triple Alliance Reading for Wednesday Reading for Wednesday September 17
Victors and Vanquished Pages 182213 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2008 for the course HIST 142 taught by Professor Burns during the Fall '08 term at UNC.
- Fall '08