Imperialism 201

Imperialism 201 - New Imperialism Imperialism: A Definition...

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New Imperialism
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Imperialism: A Definition Complex process by which a foreign power establishes either formal or informal political and/or economic control over another. This initial domination is usually followed by important social and cultural transformations in the society of the colonized people. The response of the colonized society to the new influences has significant consequences for the development of its own culture
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New Imperialism: Motives Economics Raw Materials Markets Investment Social/Cultural Excess Population Reduce Class Conflict “Civilizing Mission” Strategic Missionary Zeal Glory and Prestige Scientific Enquiry
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Modes and Methods Modes Informal: sphere of influence Formal: colony Methods Britain= trusteeship (cannot become British) • Gradual self-government France= assimilation (can become French) • Centralized control
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Africa, 1830 Africa, 1885 Congress of Berlin
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Africa, 1914 Congress of Berlin, 1885 Effective occupation Hinterland Ethiopia/Liberia Africa in 1914
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Imperialism 201 - New Imperialism Imperialism: A Definition...

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