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Unformatted text preview: POLITICAL POLITICAL SCIENCE Root = polis Study of human behaviors/relations Involving power and conflict NOT only about institutions Empirical Behaviorism: methodology Quantitative Focus on observable human actions Criticisms Study of domestic politics around the world Government Systems Presidential Parliamentary Combination of above: France Pervez Musharraf, ex-president of Pakistan Democracy vs Authoritarian (will cover later) “Without comparisons to make, the mind does not know how to proceed.” - Alexis de Toqueville, Political behaviors outside or across state borders Foreign policy Peace and conflict International political economy International law Theory: Creates framework (basic assumptions) for understanding international politics Assumptions Human Nature: moral (John Locke) Institutions NOT individuals the problem States as institutions have been selfish Goals: global peace and cooperation Methods to achieve goal Individual (human and civil) rights Ethnical behavior of international actors Institutions /organizations for consensus, mediation, and interdependence Examples: UN, EU, WTO, democratization, freetrade Assumptions Human Nature: selfish (Thomas Hobbes) States as extensions of man are also selfish Anarchic Structure: conflict inevitable between selfish states power and security of state (national interests) Global balance of power Military: most common measure of power Economic: wealth creates military strength Political: supplement strength through allies
Kissinger Goals Machiavelli Methods of state to achieve goal Example: preWWI alliance system, Cold War IR: Constructivism/Social IR: Constructivism/Social Theory IR is a social realm where . . . Actors construct own understanding of acceptable behavior (creation of norms) Actors create the structure of relations; the structure does not dictate behavior Focus on how actors perceive and conceive of identities and interests International institutions key Incubators & transmitters for global norms EX: poverty alleviation, human rights, other “global objectives” Democracy Democracy Third Wave: Samuel Huntington Electoral Democracy Liberal Democracy Substantive Democracy Illiberal Democracy (article) Horizontal Usurpation Vertical Usurpation Terms/Questions Terms/Questions Political Science Liberalism Realism Constructivism Electoral democracy Liberal democracy Illiberal democracy ...
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- Spring '07