Class 3 - Stress in Health

Class 3 - Stress in Health - Psychology 6 Stress and Coping...

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Psychology 6 Stress and Coping Christopher Gade, PhD Office: 3412 Tolman Office hours: Tu 12:00-1:30 Email: [email protected] Class: Tu/Th 5:00-7:30 PM
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What Is Health? The Biomedical Model View of Health – A philosophy of health centered around illness prevention that focuses on physical characteristics (pathology, biochemistry, physiology) associated with the illness The Biopsychosocial Model View of Health – philosophy of health that incorporates both biological, environmental, and psychological factors associated with illness Psychosomatic medicine - linked stress to health Behavioral medicine - links psychological factors to illness prevention
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Linking This Progression To Past Theories Covered Hans Selye’s 3 Stages Model of Chronic Stress (1950’s-60’s) Alarm stage – moment where we are aroused by the stress of a situation Resistance stage – bodily reaction when we encounter a continual level of stress Exhaustion stage – body begins to break down after repeated exposure to stress Selye’s research with animals in cold, heat, and toxic substances (1956) Holmes and Rahe’s Social Readjustment Rating Scale in the 1960’s attempts to predict health through this model
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Another View: Aaron Antonovsky’s Salutogenisis Model of Health (1960-80’s) Research on health should be based on what causes health, not what causes disease A person’s health can be determined by where they lie on a continuum between healthy and dead Entropic end – disorder and chaos (disease and death) Health end – order and lack of pathogens (causes of disorder) Health and where you lie on the continuum is highly impacted by stress and the management of that stress
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Where This Takes Us: Organizing Today’s Topics on Health and Stress How Stress Impacts our Ability To Resist Illness and Other Dangers Immune systems Ways to boost immunity How Stress Relates to Overall Health and Bodily Issues Links to health concerns and stress Ways to increase health
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Survey of The Class How many of you have gotten sick within the past year near the time of final exams? How many of you have become ill right before or after a very stressful moment in the past two years? How many of you believe that there is a link between the stress you experience and illness?
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Defining Terms for the First Half of Class Illness (AKA disease or sickness) – an unhealthy state of the body or organs caused by a pathological condition that came from a harmful microorganism (pathogen) Infection – an invasion of the body by a harmful microorganism Immune system – the body’s system of tissues, organs, and cells that help protect the body against infections that cause illness
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Introducing Our Immune System The Innate Protective System Reacts quickly to any invaders (or potential invaders of the body) Constantly vigilant for invaders Treat all invaders nearly the same way
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