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Wayne_homework - The Road to the White House 2008 8th...

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The Road to the White House 2008 Stephen J. Wayne 8 th Edition (Boston: Thomas Wadsworth, 2008) ISBN 13:978-0-495-09632-0 1 Chapter 1: Presidential Selection: A Historical Overview 2 The Creation of the Electoral College 1 Framers trouble in creating electoral provisions for the president came from the need to guarantee the president's independance and at the same time, create a sound poliitically effective mechanism, that would be consistent with a republican government, an indirect democracy in which everyone could participate in the formulation of public policy. 2 They wanted an electoral system that would choose the most qualified candidate - not necessarily the most popular. 3 Virginia Plan -Eight states choose their govenors through a state election -Having Congress choose the president would be practical and would speed up the political process. -Members of Congress would be able to make good judgements 4 Plan was denied because the office of President would be threatened -How could the executive's independance remain in tact if his election was determined by his popularity with Congress and reelection was determined by what it thought of his performance? -This could only occur if Congress was the electoral body and the president served a long term and not be eligible for reelection. -Eligibility did not provide the president with enough incentive to perform well and denied a more experienced candidate the opportunity to hold the office. 5 Once the ineligibility clause was removed, the framers had to find a way to limit the presidents time in office to prevent him from becoming like a monarch. 6 There was also still an issue regarding wheather Congress would vote as a whole or seperate (Hous & Senate) -Most of the delegates did not believe that a direct vote by the people would be possible or wise. 7 Sectional distrust/ rivalry also factored in on the difficulty of holding a national election. 8 Another option was indirect election in which popular sentiment could be expressed without determining the outcome (proposed by James Wilson) 9 The electoral College was accepted by the delegates who wanted to get home and get the Constitution ratified. 10 The college was seen as a workable solution to the election issue - it was seen to be consistent with the political and constitutional features of the new government and would prevent corruption (unlike using the popular vote system). 11 The number of electors equaled the number of senators and representatives from each state. 12 Each elector had 2 votes - 1 for president and 1 for vice president 13 Electors could not cast votes for both candidates that were from their own state nor could they vote for which candidate would become president and vice president. 14 Under the initial plan, the candidate with the most votes cast by the electoral college
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Wayne_homework - The Road to the White House 2008 8th...

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