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Lecture 1-11-08 - Lecture 2 story of Achilles death is not...

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Lecture 2: - story of Achilles death is not in the Illiad - Paris shoots an arrow guided by Apollo to this point on Achilles heel - Patroclus is a friend of Achilles - elements of ritual in this passage (Book 23) - Book 23.9 – see Trojans mourning Hektor; Achilles gathers men to mourn Patroclus - representations of mourning – stylized ritual that involves song - involves singing that idolizes dead 19-23 Achilles is singing; 30 – sacrifice, lamb, oxen; 34 blood of sacrificed animals caught in cups, held around Patroclus offering to dead - Agamemnon asks Achilles to bath; but he has blood of Hektor and Patroclus - asks him to cut his hair - animal sacrifices; dead can take these things into the underworld 65 Achilles goes to sleep on the beach Psukhe (psych) --< psukhe of Petroclus reminds him to bury him correctly in the ground or dead spirit gets angry (spirit cant) get into Hades without proper burial - Styx – underworld stream that souls must cross - beginning to get a vision of the afterlife (Hades is a way station) Hades = place where people get trapped if they did something wrong
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